For such a young and geographically small country, Israel boasts one of the most complicated geopolitical situations in the world today. Situated in Western Asia on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea, it shares borders with Lebanon, Syria, and Jordan, the Palestinian territories, which include the West Bank and Gaza, Egypt, and the Red Sea. The Jewish state was created at the conclusion of World War II by the United Nations when the British Mandate expired and the State of Israel was officially established on May 14, 1948, but it lacked clear borders in an area where tensions between Arabs and Jews had already been in existence for thousands of years. Even though Israel is "The Jewish State", demographics for 2014 show the population to be 75% Jewish and 24% Arab. This Arab population, mostly Palestinian, occupies what is known as the West Bank, which is controlled by the Palestinian Authority, but the Israeli Occupation and Military officially controls it and the Gaza Strip. The two groups struggle over how to divide the land, who should be allowed to live there, and who should be in control has led to the longest military occupation in history and one of the world 's largest geopolitical conflicts.
The Jewish people, the inhabitants of Israel, trace their heritage back to Abraham, who, along with his son and grandson, lived in present-day Israel in the Land of Canaan establishing it as a holy land for the Jewish people. These religious ties to the land fuel
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The history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict begins around 1880 whenever the original Zionist movement, creation of a homeland for Jews in Palestine, was first formed and thousands of Jews migrated to the then Ottoman Empire occupied Palestine. At the end of World War I, in 1918, the British controlled the Palestine area and encouraged Jewish migration to the newly British mandated Palestine. Throughout the following years, up to 1939, violent riots or revolts, depending on who was describing them, would break out killing many. After World War II ended, and the United Nations was formed, in 1947 the U.N. gathered the General Assembly to attempt to solve the problems in Palestine creating two separate states, one for Jews and another for Arabs. War breaks out as the nearby Arab states reject the plan. When the war ended 700,000 Palestinians fled, Jordan controlled the West Bank and east Jerusalem, and Egypt controlled the Gaza Strip (Shikhmanter).
Judaism was founded by Abraham, although Jews trace their history all the way back to Moses. Judaism history, beliefs, and traditions were recorded in the Hebrew bible as early as the 8th century B.C. and is considered one of the oldest religions that still exists today. There are 3 main branches of Judaism: Orthodox; Conservative; and Reform. Orthodox focuses on the traditional teachings of the Jewish law, while Conservative Jews allow a little bit of change to help them adapt to society. Then Reform Judaism believes that there should be a lot of change and adaptation to the modern world today. Additionally, Judaism is one of the three Abrahamic Religions. The Abrahamic Religions include Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. There are approximately 14 million people who identify themselves as Jews. Most of them live in the U.S. and Israel. The state of Israel was founded in 1948. Jews are the descendants of an ancient people called the Hebrews. The Hebrews’ country fell to a series of conquerors and the Jews scattered across the world. Moses led the Israelites out of Egypt and they wandered the wilderness for 40 years, trying to get to the promised land,
Israel is a country in Western Asia, situated at the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. It shares land borders with Lebanon to the north, Syria in the northeast, Jordan on the east, the Palestinian territories comprising the West Bank and Gaza Strip to the east and west, respectively, Egypt to the southwest,
Before 1947 Palestine owned all of Israel including , the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, and Israel. But in 1947 that all changed when the United Nations divided up the land. They gave “55 percent of Palestine to a Jewish state.” - Negotiations Affairs Department. When only one third of the population was Jewish. After these events the Jews wanted even more land and eventually Israel became about. Israel had “control over
Zionists and Palestinian Arabs wanted individual nations and both felt they had a claim to Palestine. Shortly after in 1947, the United Nations General Assembly Resolution (UNGAR) called for a partition, which divided the country so that each state would have a majority of its own population. This divide meant that some of the Jewish settlements would fall within the proposed Arab state while an extremely large number of Palestinian Arabs would become part of the proposed Jewish state. (Beinin and Hajjar 2014). A year later in May, Israel unilaterally declared their independence and the State of Israel was established. This of course started a war, and neighboring Arab states invaded Israel almost immediately. During this war about 750,000 Arab Palestinians fled to Lebanon, the West Bank, and the Gaza strip. (http://www.unrwa.org/newsroom/official-statements/%E2%80%9Cpalestine-refugees-unresolved-question-time-syria-crisis%E2%80%9D) Also during this fight, Israel expanded its borders far beyond the UN partition lines, leaving Egypt to take hold of the Gaza Strip & Jordan to control the West
Israel, a country slightly smaller than the U.S. state of New Jersey, is located in the Middle East. It borders the Mediterranean Sea for a length of 168 miles. In the south and southwest, it borders the Gulf of Aqaba and the Sinai Peninsula. Israel occupied the Sinai Peninsula during the war of June 1967 and returned it to Egypt in April 1982. To the east, it shares a 147-mile borderline with the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and 189 miles with the Palestinian Autonomous Area on the western shore of the Jordan River. In the north, Israel shares 49 miles of borders with Lebanon, and with Syria for 47 miles on the disputed Golan Heights.
Jews originated as a national and religious group in the Middle East during the second millennium BCE, in the part of the Levant known as the Land of Israel. The Merneptah Stele appears to confirm the existence of a people of Israel, associated with the god El, somewhere in Canaan as far back as the 13th century BCE. The Israelites, as an outgrowth of the Canaanite population, consolidated their hold with the emergence of the Kingdom of Israel, and the Kingdom of Judah. Some consider that these Canaanite sedentary Israelites melded with incoming nomadic groups known as 'Hebrews'. Though few sources in the Bible mention the exilic periods in detail, the experience of diaspora life, from the Ancient Egyptian rule
Historical documents have also showed that ancient Egyptian, Greek, Islamic, Roman and other cultures historical documents show that the Jews were in Jerusalem and had a ownership for the land. For the past 3,000 years, contrary to propaganda put out by people who do not believe the Jews should own the land of Jerusalem, there was always a Jewish presence in the Holy Land. Jerusalem is at the core of Jewish identity and people hood; the land shapes the Jews' self image and character as a community covenanted with God.
The people of Israel (also referred to as the "Jewish People") trace their origin to Abraham, who established the belief that there
Yesterday, May 15th was the day in which Palestinians all over the world were reminded of the 1948 Palestinian exodus, also known as the Nakba Day which took its name from the 700,000 Palestinian Arabs who fled or were expelled from their homes, during the 1948 Palestine war. As these Palestinians were pushed forcibly out of their homes as Zionist leaders proclaimed the State of israel with the help of the British. To every story there are two sides, in this essay I shall present my previous knowledge as an Arab and the information I have gained from my history textbook on the Arab israeli Conflict.
The Middle East has long been home to very deep-rooted conflict. For too long, the citizens of the Middle East have lived in the central of death and fear. The animosity between few, takes the hope of hundreds. The Arab-Israeli-Palestinian conflict is most notably the largest issue preventing peace in the Middle East, but it is by no means the only issue. The issue of bankrolling and foreign aid are also issues preventing peace; because the U.S provides so much funding and foreign aid to certain countries, it is in some sense encouraging them to continue acting the way they act now and not change for the better of the region. It is also making the U.S look biased and can potentially cause issues for America in the long run, if they haven’t already. There is also the conflict of the Persian Gulf; the importance of these “new” resources and how it could affect the world economy and also the balancing of powers in the Persian Gulf; The U.S and the Middle Eastern nations will need to work to together to bring about security and stability into the Persian Gulf and hopefully it can overflow to the Middle East as well.
The Arab-Israeli conflict is a struggle between the Jewish state of Israel and the Arabs of the Middle East concerning the area known as Palestine. The term Palestine has been associated variously and sometimes controversially with this small region. Both the geographic area designated by and the political status of the name have changed over the course of some three millennia. The region, or a part of it, is also known as the Holy Land and is held sacred among Jews, Christians, and Muslims. In the twentieth century it has been the object of conflicting claims of Jewish and Arab national movements, and the conflict has led to prolonged violence and in several instances open warfare opposing Israel's existence. These wars, which occurred
War broke out the day after Israel was established in May 14, 1948, when neighboring Arab armies invaded. The United Nations General Assembly ratified resolution 181 on November 29, 1947, this would break Great Britain’s Palestinian mandate into separate Jewish and Arab states. The religious areas neighboring Jerusalem would remain under international control according to this resolution. This was refused by the Palestinians. They thought that this favored the Jews and was unfair to the Arabs that would inhabit the Jewish territory that would be under the partition (The Arab-Israeli War…). This United Nations resolution triggered conflict between the Jewish and Arabs communities in Palestine. The Arabs began attacking Jewish cities, settlements, and armed forces. The Arabs only wanted to stop the resolution that would take their country from them. On the other hand, the Jews wanted to seize control of the Palestinian territory. After Israel declared independence on May, 14, 1948, the fighting exacerbated. Other Arab forces joined the Palestinians in a fight to retrieve their land. On this day, May 14, 1948, the Arabs launched an air attack on Tel Aviv, the second most populous city in Israel. Following This action the Arabs invaded the former Palestinian mandate which included Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, and Egypt. Israeli troops responded by illegally capturing large amounts of territory and abusing the rights of the Palestinians. The following decades have been largely
This short story is written by James Joyce “Araby”. It's about a young boy's life and his quest is to inspire a young girl for his feelings. The events take places in North Richmond Street. The young boy including the young girl are the boy's uncle and the people at the Bazaar booth. The conflict starts out by the young girl telling the boy she can‘t go to the Bazaar. “She could not go,she said, because there would be a retreat that week in her convent”(353). The plot becomes difficult when the young boy attempt to bring a momentum from the bazaar. The young’s boy uncle comes from work at a later hour later than the usual time, so that causes the young boy to have less time at the bazaar. When he was at the booth bazaar people were having