Confucius And Confucianism

Decent Essays

Confucius’s philosophical teachings about government and society discussed in the Analects revolve around morality and how a ruler and his people should act in order to stabilize society. Confucius looked to the past to discuss the problems of the present by modeling his teachings from the former Zhou empire. Confucius sought to bring back the Zhou traditions in order to better society. By linking moral behaviors to social roles and hierarchies, he emphasized that the stability of the government and society was directly correlated to the relationship between the ruler and the people. With the title “Son of Heaven,” the ruler was expected to act morally towards his subjects and treat them with love and concern (“Introduction to Confucian Thought”, 2009). This idea is directly related to the concept of ren, which discusses the well-being of others as the moral drive of society. He extended this idea into social harmony, being first and foremost embedded in the family. Confucius believed that the virtue of filial piety was the foundation for not just family life but also had implication for the ruler-subject bond (“Mencius and his development of Confucian teachings”, n.d.). Similarly, Mencius centered his teachings on this idea by stressing that the well-being of the family directly corresponded to the well-being of the state. Most importantly however, Confucius also discussed the importance of the ruler ruling over the people with virtue, which was achieved through ritual

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