Criminology / Life Course Theory

Good Essays
November, 30th 2012
CRJ102 161

Criminology; "The study of the making of laws, the breaking of laws, and the social reaction to the breaking of laws." (Fuller: Pg 4.) In other words it is the study of how people acknowledge how crime is comited and the resoning behing it, as well as peoples reaction to it. One of the theories that one can study through Criminology is the Life Course Theory, which is "a perspective that focuses on the development of antisocial behavior, risk factors at different ages, and the effect of life events on individual development." (Fuller: Pg 140.) This refers to a "multidisciplinary paradigm" for the study of people 's lives, structural contexts, and social change in which they find what are the causes and
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One of the first steps to deliquency is poor parenting. Parents who are harsh in their discipline provide poor role models. Also parents who do not supervise their childrens activities are more likely to develop offspring who engange in antisocial behavior.
The problems of poor parenting and bad conduct can lead to more serious concerns in middle childhood.
The social development model hypothesizes that during the elementary school developmental period, children learn patterns of behaviour, whether pro-social or antisocial, primarily from the socializing units of the family and school, with peers and neighbourhood influences playing an increasing role as children progress through the elementary school years.
Studies have shown that children who are antisocial perform poorly in school. They might disrupt the classroom and fail to do their homework. They spend less academic time on task and lack academic skills such as regular attendance and participation in the class. One more problem that can cause antisocial behavior would be is rejection from social groups. Another Life Course issue is Risk factors at different ages which involve crimes caused by a variety of different age groups. Juvenile delinquents can be responsible for a great deal of crime. Some youths are never fully belong
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