Critical Analysis- the Evolutionary Origins of Friendship Essay

1697 Words May 7th, 2014 7 Pages
Title
Seyfarth, R. and Cheney, D., 202. The evolutionary Origins of Friendship. Annual review of psychology, 63, p.153-177
Topic
In the evolutionary origin of friendship, Robert and Dorothy tell us how genetic relatedness affects friendship in Horse, Elephants, Dolphins and Chimpanzees. They present their article in which they share their argument and analyse as biologists. Both authors argue that individual of the same sex could have strong friendship that did not have to do with reproduction, and the relationship between human can affect their happiness and longevity; however, their opinions are based upon their observation among animals, make it weaker. Also Robert and Dorothy writing are complicated due to their technical writing
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On the other hand the male baboon leaves its troop and finds a new one. The female alphas’ in the troop are chosen according to their high friendship status. Many scientists and scholars such as Berkman and Holt-Lunstad concluded that having a strong social network reduces stress, lowers the risk of disease, and Longevity (2004 and 2010).
The chimpanzees: The society of the chimpanzees is strictly different from that of baboons (Robert and Dorothy 2012, p.157). When reaching maturity the male chimpanzee stays in the troop and the female chimpanzee leaves the troop and joins a new one. The male alpha displays a high rank which is associated with high rates of aggression, displays, and coalition formation (Muller & Mitani 2005).
Other species: “A growing body of evidence indicates that the friendships found in the baboons and chimpanzees are not aberrations: similar long-lasting bonds can be found in the animal kingdom” (Dorothy and Robert 2012, p.159). “In all of these species, females are thee philopatric sex, and the strongest most enduring social bonds are formed among mother-daughter pairs and sisters” (Dorothy and Robert 2012, p.159).
With humans and many species, friendship is the key a long life, happiness, and successful reproduction. It’s the kind of social links that you form throughout your life. Species become alphas’ because they make long-term relationships and the mechanism that underlines them. Friendships according to different sex

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