Reducing Deer-Vehicle Collisions in Urban Areas
Due to the large amount of development in urban areas, there has been an increase in deer-vehicle collisions
When accidents are caused by wildlife, there is a large economic loss such as damage to property, and health care due to injuries.
Approximately ⅙ of motor vehicle accidents involved collisions with animals.
It is estimated that these collisions cause approximately 1.6 billion dollars in damages, 29000 human injuries, and over 200 fatalities per year (Gilbert et. al, 2016).
Some of the solutions that have been implemented in society to reduce the number of accidents include additional signage in high wildlife population areas, underpasses, overpasses, fencing and deer whistles.
There has …show more content…
This solution can be carried out by the government with the implementations of effective protocols; however, it is inefficient in that it requires a significant investment of time, money, and resources.
These protocols would include conducting research on the resources required to transport the carnivores efficiently, safely, and humanely.
An effective distribution strategy would need to be determined through investigation into deer population and carnivore hunting habits. In addition, the reproduction and mortality rate of both animals would need to be considered.
Evaluating the risks and benefits of translocating a predator to a new environment would need to be considered.
Cons: This method will be time-consuming and financially demanding (Miller et. al, 1999). Furthermore, there is no certainty in the effectiveness of this solution as it relies on many assumptions and predictions made based on research. The assumptions made may not hold true when the process is carried out. This could cause further complications such as endangering deer species due to
vehicle collisions yearly, according to Kristof’s projections (Kristof 161). This is exponentially greater than the 30,000 who are killed in car accidents today, after these regulations were
Over just a century ago the whitetail deer population became nearly extinct, mostly due to a rapid expansion in the railroad system. At this same time market hunting, weak enforcement of game laws, and habitat loss contributed to the dangerously low deer populations in the late 1800’s. In states like Kansas and Indiana deer were completely extinct, being endangered in many others. With the whitetail deer population doubling every two years there is an estimated thirty million deer in the United States (Rooney, 2012). Although with these over-abundant populations comes the destruction of natural resources along with diseases and other factors that can tremendously affect the population. While there are many factors that play an active role in the declination of Whitetail deer populations, chronic wasting disease is just one of them.
Background and Audience Relevance: According to National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, in 2015, about thirty-five hundred people were killed, and four hundred thousand were injured in car crashes.
Deer population in the United States has increased in numbers massively in the recent years. The deer population in North America when the europeans arrived has to have been over 50 million. With uncontrolled hunting, since being protected and reintroduced in many places, the deer population has become a major overpopulation problem that is much more than what the land can support, there are an estimated 100 million or so deer in the U.S. Now there are one or more species found across the United States.
It is impossible to discuss deer at all without talking about deer management, because there is there hardly a deer alive in America today that is not directly influenced by man. We control the water the deer drinks, the food that it eats, and the land that it lives on, and we regulate the manner, sex, and amount of deer harvested. The problem lies in the way we manage the deer herd. The time has come to practice Quality Deer Management.
In the northeast area, the deer population is especially high. Because they are now so heavily populated, they are starting to cause more and more problems. Crop damage, which is when a farmer loses a substantial amount of crops, is growing with the deer population. This is a huge problem for the farmers because they are losing a lot of money by feeding the deer. With the rising population,
As a new driver, I am constantly worried of hitting other objects such as cars, mailboxes, and animals. When deer jump out from the side of the road, I worry that they may cause deadly accidents. Gorman’s article interested me because if there is
Motion activated and infrared cameras were used to monitor deer activity in the areas of high or low wolf presence. Three images per trigger of each camera was taken. This information was gathered over a three-week period during deer season in June-August. The information recorded was compared with other studies including a trophic cascades study in the Rocky Mountains area.
The Department of Conservation takes Ariel “snapshots” of areas and the multiplies the by the area of land. Even though this is not an accurate measurement I found it necessary to include it because if the population is going up it would stand to reason that the number of deer taken would rise as well.
Secondary data on the number of successful and unsuccessful wolf reintroduction programs can be gathered from state and federal wildlife management agencies from the states of Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Michigan. Collection of the same information from environmental organizations, and other local groups who study predator species is also important to determine if data on wolf reintroduction show similar numbers. If methods of data collection are similar but each has different outcomes, the level of bias should be minimal. Reports on loss of livestock from farmers, ranchers, and hunting groups should also be analyzed and compared with the numbers reported to state and federal agencies. Another piece of secondary data critical to this research
The council has a yearly Road Safety Engineering programme to address traffic collisions on the network. Sites are reviewed using collision data held by the Council, which is provided by the Police and Transport for London, where a collision has resulted in a personal injury being sustained. A review of this data for the current three year period shows that there have been collisions on Hedge Lane between Green Lanes and firs Lane with the predominant pattern being caused by vehicles turning out of side roads. A Road Safety Scheme was implemented in 2013/14 at the Hedge Lane / firs Lane junction which has reduced collisions at this junction by 43% in the last three years. We will continue to monitor the collision rate on Hedge Lane and if a
This study design is an observational study. The research was carried out using examination and analysis of disease models and special and temporal scales between the species involved. In this study, Lyme incidents are the dependent variable and the animal abundance being looked at it the independent variable. Species were placed into groups and parameters were set up in order to facilitate examination. Lyme disease rates and information were taken from county records. Once the data was collected, mathematical formulas were used for further analysis and to get results. During the study, some proxy variables had to be used. One of these was using buck harvest to account for deer density. This was done in Virginia. This type of proxy weakens the arguments made in this study because it is only accounting for male deer and also, the number of buck harvest may not necessarily be equivalent to the entire density of deer, including those
Cons associated with assisted migration include the potential risk of the species that are being translocated to develop into an invasive species. This risk poses threats on the surrounding species which may inflict harm in their new environment. Since the degree of uncertainty surrounding assisted migration is high, another risk would include the inability to predict the survival rate of the translocated species due to the stress of translocation resulting in the inability to survive in that
There have been many studies by deer ranches that raise deer for hunting purposes as well as studies by parks and wildlife on the breeding of deer. The pros and cons of a deer living in the wild as opposed to a deer living on several acres of land surrounded by an eight foot fence. There is some research that suggest there are ways of increasing your deer herd while improving the quality of deer that are being produced. Because many rancher have turned to raising deer when the cattle market went down the amount of deer leases has increased. With the increase in ranches raising deer there has also been an increase of people trying to find ways to produce the perfect buck to breed to the perfect doe. In the wild there is also research to
The focus of animal research has been characterized by three criteria, The Three R’s. “’The Three Rs’ are reduction, replacement and refinement. Here in the US, research communities are committed to supporting techniques that reduce the number of higher species used, replace animals with other models wherever/whenever possible, and refine tests to ensure the most humane conditions possible.” (Trull 2). Scientists try to keep the animals from being harmed as much as possible.