Dual Coding Theory And Its Effect On The Way Of A Person Remembers A Memory

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A person can distinguished between scenes they have already scene from one that they have not. However, people can distinguished a scene but is not able to tell a descriptive information whether it has been changed or not in a specific scene. Descriptive information can lead to schema consistent or inconsistent information to be processed into the memory. Dual-Coding theory states that a person has verbal associations and visual imagery and that given a person both of these encoding enhance memory and have a higher recall rate. Different methods have been used to enhance memory such imagery and mnemonic devices. Memory plays an essential part of everyday life; several factors can effect or influence the way a person remembers a memory.
Schema is knowledge about a particular event produced by a previous experience with the event. How schema affects memory has strong interest with researchers, previous researchers have used schema-consistent and schema-inconsistent targets then asked participants to complete a recognition test. Most experiments found that inconsistent items were recalled and recognized more than consistent items. Except, an experiment done by Brewer and Treyens that reported that more consistent item were recalled than inconsistent. The purpose of the current study is to test the reliability of the results by Brewer and Treyens experiment. The following experiment on how schema affects memory, hypothesis that items inconsistent with expectation will be

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