The Evidence for the Existence of Multiple Memory Systems Essay

2446 Words10 Pages
The Evidence for the Existence of Multiple Memory Systems Memory forms an important part of cognitive psychology and has been of interest to numerous psychologists. This essay is going to refer specifically to the information-processing model of memory and will discuss the experimental evidence that exists for multiple memory systems. The multi-store model of memory was first developed by Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968) and Waugh and Norman (1965).[1] It comprises sensory stores, short term-store and long-term store to form a model of memory and information processing. One component of the system is the sensory register, where our feature detection and pattern recognition processes produce a…show more content…
This led Sperling to the hypothesis that one form of presentation of the visual stimulation remains accessible for a short time after the presentation. It was Neisser (1967) who proposed that this representation should be called an icon. Iconic storage was claimed to be useless by some psychologists. Haber (1983) claimed it was irrelevant to normal perception, as he assumed that the icon was created at the offset of a visual stimulus, but it is actually created at its onset.[3] Therefore, even with a continuously changing visual world, iconic information is still useful. The Echoic store is a transient auditory store, holding relatively unprocessed input. It is similar to the iconic store except it refers to auditory rather than visual stimuli. Treisman (1964) conducted experiments in this area and found that the temporal duration of unattended auditory information in echoic storage is about two seconds. Short-term memory is another component of the multi-store model. Our short-term memory is said to require the allocation of cognitive resources (Atkinson & Shiffrin 1968). Peterson & Peterson (1959) conducted the classic study of short-term

More about The Evidence for the Existence of Multiple Memory Systems Essay

Open Document