Effects Of Drug Addiction

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Drug overdose deaths are at an all-time high. They are also responsible for more deaths than vehicle crashes and firearms, uncombined. In order to understand the drug addiction crisis in the United States it is imperative to understand the meaning of addiction, addictive drugs, those affected, contributing factors, and prevention along with rehabilitation. Addiction is very complex, and it is important to recognize how people can become addicted to things. Despite beliefs, addicts are not merely individuals who lack morals or self-control. It is not quite as simple as just choosing to not do something. According to the American Society to Addiction Medicine, “Addiction is a primary, chronic disease of brain reward, motivation, memory, and related circuitry… Addiction is often characterized by inability to consistently abstain, impairment in behavioral control, craving, diminished recognition of significant problems with one’s behaviors and interpersonal relationships, and dysfunctional emotional response.” Drug usage and abuse mainly affects the reward circuit of the brain. The reward circuit is responsible for the body’s ability to feel pleasure. Drugs cause the reward system to be flooded with dopamine, and this overstimulation causes a “high”. This, in turn, leads the brain to adjust to excess dopamine. Due to drugs altering brain chemistry, drug addiction is classified as a chronic disease. A chronic disease like this can also disturb learning, judgement, stress,
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