Effects Of Madness In The Yellow Wallpaper

Decent Essays

What will be the factor that caused one’s madness? Possible answers can be a sudden mental shock or the loss of something valuable. However, in the story of “ The yellow wall-paper” by Charlotte Perkins Gilman, the madness of the narrator, an upperclass woman, is caused by the environment she lives in. This essay will explain in detail about how do those social and living settings resulted in the madness of the narrator step by step. The narrator’s emotion and thoughts are fully effected by how John, her husband, treat her. Start from the very beginning, the narrator expresses in her journal that his husband, a physician “ does not believe (she) is sick”, (Gilman 647) and so is her brother. What it tells us is that John and the brother, …show more content…

He knows there is no reason to suffer, and that satisfies him,” (649) in this case, John thinks nothing is going on with the narrator, but in fact the narrator is at the edge of becoming crazy. If John takes more time to accompany the narrator and treat her like other patients, it is much less likely for the narrator to get fully crazy about the wallpaper. All in all, the wrong treatments the husband takes towards the narrator indirectly lead to her madness. The house, the room plus the yellow wall-paper all appear to have a mysterious and ulterior history background and strange atmosphere, along with some kind of unknown odd spirits, which perfectly influence the sensitive and imaginative narrator. From the aspects of the house is soled incredibly cheap to “the rings on the walls”, (648) “barred windows”, (648) to the terribly “scratched, gouged and splintered floor”, and the strange pattern on the paper, it is clearly showed that the house has been used for something brute, possibly hanging neuropathic people and left with wraith, ghosts, and other supernatural spirits all …show more content…

To conclude, the accommodation itself has a problem and its spirits influence the narrator a lot. In the late nineteenth century, the period when the story takes place, a great number of women suffered from inequality and lack of freedom.This situation leaves a concrete impression on the narrator’s mind and indirectly leads to her madness. Specific example can be given near the end of the story, the narrator writes, “ There are a great many women behind, and sometimes only one, and she crawls around fast, and her crawling shakes the pattern all over”, (654) and “ She is all the time trying to climb through. But nobody could climb through that pattern— it strangles so”. (654) What this quote indicates is a strong symbolism, by which those women represents the many women in the society who suffer the similar situation with the narrator, and the particular women symbolizes the narrator herself who desires freedom but get restricted at home by her husband. This tells us that the social condition brands the narrator with a hard and concrete idea that women are suffering from unequal treatments and restrictions. Based on those indelible concept in the narrator’s mind, the narrator fantasies more about the inside pattern of the wall-paper and the woman inside it and finally become completely mad. In conclusion, the environment including people who live near the narrator, John, the unusual set up of the house and the wallpaper, and

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