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Egypt And Mesopotamia

Decent Essays
Architecture in Egypt and Mesopotamia When you think about ancient architecture, what questions arise? Do you ask yourself about its history, durability, and structure? For example, Egypt is known for its pyramids, while Mesopotamia is known for its temple. Both are influential and recognizable after so many years and will continue to be for years to come, those questions come without a doubt to mind. In the following paragraphs, these questions will be answered and explained in depth regarding these two civilizations, Egypt and Mesopotamia.
In Egypt, architecture started in what was considered to be the Early Dynamic period and construction lasted about 20 to 40 years to complete. The Pyramids were built to honor
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Egyptians used sand and stones, whereas Mesopotamians used clay and mud. Egypt structures are visited by tourists year around. However, the Meidum Pyramid did cease to last and collapsed because it was resting on sand versus rocks. In which, the Mesopotamians mud brick technique was later adapted by the Egyptians. Unfortunately, for Mesopotamia there is only one structure that still remains, a few were reconstructed and others were just gathered from archeological evidence. Historical evidence collected indicate climate change, affected the soil caused by mineral salt leading to broken bricks. Another reason for the reconstruction was power domination by the Elamites, they destroyed and rebuilt on the same location either being the same structure or ones similar to the previous with modifications.
These two civilizations have brought the most memorable structures, considering the techniques used and unique designs. Egypt will always be admired for the Great Pyramid of Giza, known as one of the last original Seven Wonders of the Ancient World ( Mark, 2016 ). The great pyramid of Giza was constructed as a tomb for Pharaoh Khufu, including three chambers with two mortuary temples and three known as satellite pyramids dedicated to Khufu's wives. Architectures also known to be constructed by the Egyptians are Zoser’s Necropolis built as a mortuary tomb for Pharaoh Djoser, it was surrounded by decorations and ceremonial structures. The Great Sphinx of Giza is known
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