Embryonic Tissue

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In the article, “Stem-Cell Research Utilizing Embryonic Tissue Should Not Be Conducted”, Bertha Alvarez Manninen argues on the basis that it is unethical to allow the destruction of embryos in order to further stem-cell research, by relating it to the destruction of human life. Manninen explains the different stages of the human embryo and how it can be legally justified as a human. Therefore, an embryo can be defended by basic human rights. She supports this using Kant’s formula of humanity, which, in summary indicates that humanity should never be treated as a means to an end.

Although Manninen argues that stem-cell research utilizing embryonic tissue should not be conducted, she also explains certain scenarios where it would be morally acceptable. She mentions the “Principle of Waste Avoidance” and the “Nothing Lost Principle” which support the idea that embryos may be utilized for this research, only under the circumstances that it would prevent the embryos from otherwise being disposed.


Manninen begins by arguing that the human embryo goes through several different stages of human development, making it no less worthy of being protected than a human being. She goes on to explain how embryonic stem cells are taken at the early blastocyst …show more content…

She supports these claims with the use of two principles, “Nothing is Lost Principle” and the “Principle of Waste Avoidance.”

Claims that may be criticized. Although I do fully agree with Manninen when she states that embryos are human, but they are simply in a different developmental stage than the rest of us, I feel that the potential for cognitive abilities and intellect may also be argued. Who’s to say this embryo may or may not want to donate tissues or organs when they are older? For this reason it can be confusing to prohibit the use of embryos on these

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