Environmental Effects On Animals

Decent Essays

Micropollutants (MPs) and Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are an emerging problem that created challenges for the scientific community, since they are accumulating overtime in the aquatic environment which causes many issues since they are known to be contaminants. EDCs especially cause many diseases related to the endocrine system in the human and animal populations. (Leschik, 2010) Thus, these chemicals are often known to be agents that are foreign to an organism system, a xenobiotic. (Trachsel, 2008) EDCs have a handful of harm effects on animals, humans and the ecosystem in general, which differs in the way they are regulated due to hormones that naturally occur in animals or human bodies being eliminated when they start …show more content…

Snyder, 2003) According to what I believe, EDCs will have a potential effect on society, in which it is different from what the science is investigating recently, that’s due to the fact that the effects they are measuring are for a short-term interval and the long-term that might appear later on are not investigated. As these bio-accumulates, increasing in their concentration over time from all the development this decade is going through, different MPS and EDCs are abundant in surface and ground water, where chemical fertilizers used in agriculture introduces MPs to surface waters, since they are soluble it would be a difficult to effectively remove them from the water. Wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) is one of the primary barriers against the spread of MPs, where the efficiency of the removal of these chemicals by WWTPs depends on the type of the chemical being treated, since the chemicals have variations in their physico-chemical properties, some chemicals were easily cleared by WWTPs and others were rendered non-successfully cleared. (Bolong et al., 2009) but many other advanced treatment options might achieve a more successful removal of MPs, where biodegradation, and sorption are used as major mechanisms during these treatments. (Verlicchi et al. (2012)) Although WWTPs were rendered successful for some of the MPs and EDCs, they are still not a reliable treatment to reduce the abundance of the chemicals that are found in water

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