According to the psychoanalytic perspective, people move through a series of stages in which they confront conflicts between biological drives and social expectations. How these conflicts are resolved determines the person’s ability to learn, to get along with others, and cope with anxiety. Erik Erikson has been a very influential contributor to the psychoanalytic perspective (Berk, 2010). Erikson proposed that an individual moves through a series of stages which resolve in either positive or negative outcomes and determine healthy or maladaptive behavior. (Berk, 2010). The final psychological conflict in Erikson’s theory, ego integrity versus despair, involves coming to terms with one’s life. Adults who arrive at a sense of integrity …show more content…
My second participant who has finished rearing her children does not have very close relationships with them, which encouraged me to determine that she might be headed toward the negative outcome of despair. The woman with grown children felt that a few of her children were not doing well for themselves, and she currently has full custody of one of her grandchildren. She felt defeated by her children’s negative outcomes, and hope was almost nonexistent. Despair occurs when an aging adult feels they have made many wrong decisions and there is no time left to choose another route (Berk, 2010). I think that since the childless woman did not experience the challenges of rearing unruly children she enjoyed healthy relationships with nieces and nephews, she displayed a more favorable psychological well-being. The childless woman seemed content while speaking about friendships, as she made great attempt to keep in touch with her lady friends, went on lunch dates, and even enjoyed having a pen pal, which allowed me to believe that she had reached integrity. A sign of integrity is reaping great benefits from friendship bonds and leisurely activities (Berk, 2010). My second participant did not acknowledge having special friendships and said that she did not have time for leisurely activities, she said that it was very difficult to form positive friendships because she has a hard time trusting people, more signs of despair. The childless woman
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Erikson’s (1959/1980) stages of psychosocial development. Though Erikson was influenced early on by his teacher, Sigmund Freud, unlike Freud or Piaget, Erikson emphasized the role of culture and society in the development of personality throughout an individual’s lifespan. Erikson (1950) believed that individuals experience a psychosocial crisis during each of the stages of development and that the way in which those crises are resolved results in either a positive or negative impact on the development of personality as one progresses through life. In his Eight Stages of Man, Erikson (1950) argued that psychosocial development occurs through the positive resolution of the following eight crises: (a) trust v. mistrust, (b) autonomy v. shame and doubt, (c) initiative v. guilt, (d) industry v. inferiority,
Erik Erikson and Sigmund Freud are different and similar in many ways. Erikson had the perspective of psychodynamic. Erikson believed that society and culture both challenge and shape up and that development proceeds throughout our lives in eight different stages and they emerge to a fixed pattern and are similar for all people. These different eight stages from Erikson presents a crisis or a conflict that the individual must resolve and must identify each crises of each stage in order to deal with the next stage. The eight stages that Erikson presented us with is; trust vs. mistrust, autonomy vs shame and doubt, initiative vs. guilt, industry vs inferiority, identity vs, role diffusion, intimacy vs isolation, generativity vs stagnation, and finally ego-integrity vs despair. These stages are of Erikson’s psychosocial
Ego Integrity versus despair- “The process of bringing into balance feelings of integrity and despair involves a review of and a coming to terms with the life one has lived thus far” (Erikson, 1986, as cited in Edelman, 2014, p. 604).
Erik Erikson is the most influential person in the field of psychology. He was born on June 15th, 1902 in Frankfurt, Germany and died on May 12th, 1994 in Massachusetts, Boston. He is known for his theory of psychosocial development comprising eight stages from early infancy to adulthood. Each of these stages, the person experiences a psychosocial crisis that influences personality based on their positive or negative outcomes. However, every human being enters certain stages to reach the full potential of development. In addition to Erikson, he was influenced by Sigmund Freud, who was a psychoanalysis, developed the structural models of personality, and psychosexual stages. Erikson extends on Freudian thoughts
Janice has led a full life; she has had many different kinds of experiences and had to fill many roles. In order to better understand how the current status of Janice would be the disengagement theory. There have been many events that have impact Janice’s ability to be involved in the community around her. Some of the events that have caused this would be: her first marriage, depression, her physical health and the deaths of her family members. Using theories Of Erikson’s theory of the stages of development, Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs and the strengths perspective. The impact of these events on Janice’s life can be seen. Along with looking at events that have had an impact in Jancie’s life, there have also been relationships that played
Ego integrity versus despair is the eight or the last stage of Erikson's theory .It describes the desire of older adults try to maintain their belief, life experience and worthwhile and accepting the inevitability of death. Those who were generative in middle adulthood will obtain ego integrity identity. The integrity is mostly drives from wisdom and acceptance of life span. To achieve the integrity older people write their biography or share story.
Psychologist, Erik Erikson, contributed a fundamentally significant theory which emphasizes eight stages of human development that unfold through an individual’s life. In each stage, a developmental task brings upon a unique crisis that must be resolved. Solving this crisis is especially crucial, for it determines how healthy ones development is (Santrock, 2012). In each stage, Erikson emphasizes certain important events such as feeding, toilet training, and schooling that must be successfully accomplished in order to resolve the conflict regarding personality and psychological skills. According to Erikson, when solving these conflicts, a distinct sense of ego develops that helps establish a sense of trust in others, develop a sense of identity in society, and help individuals prepare for the future.
According to Erik Erikson’s theory of psycho-social stages, development is an ongoing process that happens across the lifespan. This theory believes that growth can be described and divided into age groups including: infancy, toddler, preschooler, elementary schooler, adolescence, young adulthood, middle adulthood and late adulthood. In addition, Erikson outlines healthy or socially acceptable behaviors at each of the stages of development. More importantly, Erikson believed that each stage involved a crisis which is, “…marked by a conflict between two opposing personality traits or basic attitudes, one of which is ego ‘synotonic’ and the other, ego ‘dystonic.’” (Robbins, Chatterjee & Carter, p. 209). The theory also states that a balance between
Erikson's Psychosocial Theory is the one that would stick with me the most. Lot of it makes sense because with the different stages he's mentioned such as trust vs mistrust, identity vs role confusion, intimacy versus isolations to integrity vs despair. The trust vs mistrust sticks because of some of the stories and clips that was in class. With trust vs mistrust the idea is if a child has bad things happen in certain situations the child will begin to mistrust. While for trust if positive reinforcement is established the child begins to develop self control and learns to redirect there feelings or emotions. In one video about an abused girl she was redirecting her anger toward her baby brother which came from the mistrust of her abuser.
Firstly, general information was assessed thoroughly. The patient was a 68-years-old Caucasian male. According to Erikson’s theory, his developmental stage was Ego Integrity vs. Despair. The patient was in Ego Integrity stage since he was funny, cooperative, and willing to answer all questions about his health’s condition and physical history when he was alert. According to Newman’s Theory, the patient’s central core is significantly altered. Although patient’s baseline temperature is within normal limit (97.9 – 98F degree), other basic survival factors were affected by the illness. The patient’s response pattern is performed by blurred speech or simply nod or shake his head. Multiple of his organs were damaged due to severe sepsis. His genetic
Erik Erikson developed a psychosocial theory that identifies a series of eight stages, in which a healthy individual should pass through. The individual must overcome or resolve successfully at each of the stages to adjust well to the environment. This paper will focus on the Erikson’s stage “ego integrity versus despair,” which is where most geriatric clients are. Erikson believed most patients who entered the stage of “ego integrity versus despair” fall into despair and are dissatisfied with life, often leading to depression and hopelessness. Fortunately, the client I am about to discuss made it to the integrity portion of his life. I will discuss the factors that promoted his journey to integrity, and how I altered my nursing care to better
In 1963, the psychology theorist Erik Erikson, developed the idea that each life stage has a psychosocial task that they must conquer. I was given the opportunity to observe his theory on my own through a series of interviews. The first person that I interviewed was an adolescent, whose psychosocial developmental conflict is between identity and role confusion. The next person that I interviewed was a young adult, whose conflict is between intimacy. The next person that I interviewed was of middle adulthood, whose crisis is between generativity and stagnation. Finally, I interviewed a woman in the stage of late adulthood, whose crisis is integrity versus despair. Ultimately, I was able to be a first-hand witness to development throughout life
Many of my memorable events may seem small to some people, but when you compare them to Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory the small and seemingly insignificant things are the building blocks of my personality today per Erikson.
Chronologically in the developmental stages for Erikson this patient would fall in stage 8, ego integrity versus despair. This stage is for people over the age of 65. During this stage people should show acceptance for their life, worth, and eventual death (Wilkinson, Treas, Barnett & Smith, 2016, pp. 169). The ego integrity part of this stage is finding satisfaction with their life and identifying their place in the life cycle. The despair part of the stage includes having a sense of loss, and discomfort with aging and a fear of death (Wilkinson, 2016, p. 169).
The history of psychology has marked a major impact in society. A vast amount of controversies have developed throughout history in order to accept new ideas. Human development is a major topic not everyone understands. People develop in a series of stages, from birth to death. These stages are important stepping stones to the process of growing. However, each individual is unique, and all individuals grow in different surroundings. Moreover, all individuals pass thorough either positive or negative experiences in life, from childhood to adulthood. Those experiences shape the characteristics, behavior, and thoughts of an individual, explaining why they act in a certain way. A very remarkable figure in history is Adolf Hitler. Most individuals in today’s society describe Hitler as a powerful, demanding, controlling and heartless human. Truth is, not everyone is aware of why he became the person he was. In 1963, Erik Erikson, a very well-known German psychologist, took an approach on the psychosocial study of human development (Munley, 1975). According to Dunkel and Sefcek (2009), Erik Erikson developed a theory in which he explains that individuals develop through a series of stages, known as psychosocial crises. These crises are of a psychosocial nature because they involve psychological needs of the individual conflicting with the needs of society. His theory is historically important since it has largely influenced the developmental field of psychology. However, many