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Essay On Coronary Heart Disease

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Coronary heart disease is when the arteries that supply your heart and other parts of your body with oxygen-rich blood are narrowed by the gradual build-up of fatty materials known as cholesterol within the artery walls. This condition is referred to as atherosclerosis and the fatty material that is deposited in the arteries is called an atheroma. These fatty deposits that line the artery walls can lead to the clogging of arteries which might result in blood clotting. This, in turn, can lead to a heart attack if one of the arteries leading to the heart is clogged as the blood flow of oxygen-rich blood is cut off to the heart causing the cells in the heart to die from the lack of oxygen.
There are many different factors that can lead to an increased chance of you getting heart disease, such as; cigarette smoking, lack of physical activities or exercise, type 2 diabetes, a family history of the disease, hypertension, obesity and the type of food eaten in your diet.
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There are two types of cholesterol that you find in your body, one of which is low density which lipoprotein ‘LDL’ and high-density lipoprotein ‘HDL’. The LDL is the negative cholesterol which can lead to plaque forming on the arteries which result on the arteries clogging up. The HDL is the good cholesterol in the body as this helps remove cholesterol making it harder for the arteries to clog up and helping to lower your chance of getting coronary and other diseases. The LDL is, therefore, one of the leading factors and most dangerous which can cause coronary heart disease. There is also another factor that generates to this and it’s called cholesterol, this is where your LDL cholesterol is a lot higher than the average person due to you gaining it genetically from a family
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