Endometriosis Essay

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Endometriosis is an abnormal growth of endometrial cells it is most commonly found in the organs of the pelvis. Endometrial tissue is shed during each month during menstruation. Rarely endometriosis can occur outside of the pelvis. The surrounding tissue can become irritated and eventually be scrapping scar tissue and adhesions. Bands of fibrous tissue can cause tissues and organs stick to each other. Though the exact cause has never been identified, endometriosis is more common in women who experience infertility than in fertile women. There might be a couple of explanations such to why endometriosis occurs such as retrograde menstruation. Retrograde menstruation is blood that contains endometrial cells that flow back through the fallopian tubes and also into the pelvic cavity …show more content…

Women with endometriosis may experience excessive bleeding or even bleeding in between menstrual cycles. Endometriosis is classified into different stages such as I- minimal, II- mild, III- moderate and IV- severe. Most cases of endometriosis are classified as minimal or mild which means that there is mild scarring. Moderate and severe endometriosis typically results in cysts and severe scarring. During stage IV infertility is common. Some studies are proposing that women with endometriosis have an increased risk for developing different types of ovarian cancer known as epithelial ovarian cancer. This is the highest risk in women with both endometriosis and primary infertility. The combination of oral contraceptive pills are sometimes used as a treatment for endometriosis and it appears to significantly reduce the risk of endometriosis. The doctors at Mayo Clinic stated that the treatment for endometriosis is surgery or medications.

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