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Designer Babies and Fertilization Problems

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Endometriosis- This condition is only present in women. It occurs when endometrial tissue (the lining of the uterine which sheds each period), grows on the outside of the uterus and is attached to reproductive or abdominal organs. This compromises normal functioning of the fallopian tubes through blockage. Endometrial cells also occasionally secrete substances that may interfere with sperm and egg interaction therefore preventing fertilization. Polycystic Ovary Symptom (PCOS) - This condition is mainly caused by hormonal imbalance in which women make more androgens than required. Androgens are a male hormone, produced by females as well. High levels of this hormone can negatively affect the development and release of eggs during ovulation. A possible theory to the cause of PCOS is a large amount of insulin in the body. Many women with PCOS have an excess of insulin in their bodies which then goes towards production of androgen. Sperm production problems- This is the most common cause of infertility in men. It occurs when low numbers of sperm are made and\or the sperm don’t work properly. This could be for a number of reasons such as; infections, varicocele and genetic issues. Infections may swell and or scar and block the passage for sperm. A varicocele is the swelling of veins that empty the testicle. This prevents normal cooling of the testicle and leads to reduced sperm count. Gamete intra-fallopian transfer This procedure consists of removing a women’s egg then
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