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Essay On Perinatal And Neonatal Mortality

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Decreasing Perinatal & Neonatal Mortality Rates: Low & Middle-Income Areas One in four pregnancies end in loss - think about that for just a second. If four women are randomly selected, chances are one of them have experienced some type of loss of a child. Approximately one million pregnancies each year just in the United States alone end in early pregnancy loss, stillbirth, or the death of a newborn child (October: Awareness). In an effort to lower these statistics, medical institutions should work to provide more efficient prenatal care as well as updated, more affordable education for lower income expectant mothers. A major cause to blame for these higher statistics is that low and middle-income families expecting a child do not…show more content…
One of the main target goals of the maternal, infant, and child health of Healthy People 2020 is to reduce that number to 5.9 deaths out of every 1,000 live births and fetal deaths (Healthy People 2020).
There are several factors related to these outcomes, however, it is difficult to come up with one single solution for health promotion or prevention because perinatal deaths usually occur secondary to diverse types of events and the denominators may differ depending on the cause. Some researchers suggest that gestational age has an effect on the overall risk of perinatal death. Preterm birth is the cause of about half of neonatal deaths (Smith, G. C., 2015). Most of the time these mothers go into preterm labor because of some form of placental abruption. This type of abruption can be due to a number of causes, but usually will trigger labor or medically indicated delivery. A massive placental abruption can lead to acute, severe asphyxia of the infant, which has the possibility of leading to death of the baby prior to labor, during labor, or neonatal death (Smith, G. C., 2015). A lot of times these incidents could be prevented or at least limited if the mother had a knowledge of the signs and symptoms and sought medical attention immediately.
Another component to the increased risk of perinatal deaths is the inability of the mother to have access to pre-pregnancy and pregnancy care to improve neonatal and perinatal mortality. A study
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