Eugenics: A Controversial Science Essay examples

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Eugenics has been a very controversial science that has existed in the world for centuries. Eugenics is defined as “the study of or belief in the possibility of improving the qualities of the human species or a human population by such means as discouraging reproduction by persons having genetic defects or presumed to have inheritable undesirable traits (negative eugenics) or encouraging reproduction by persons presumed to have inheritable desirable traits (positive eugenics)(, 2005).”
Its base came from the idea that the human race could be “perfected” by getting rid of its undesirable traits and the desirable ones could be multiplied. Physical appearance, IQ, and social capacity could be controlled in humans just as …show more content…

When Adolf Hitler learned of the theory of eugenics, he took Darwin’s phrase “survival of the fittest” to a completely new level. Hitler, and many other people of that time, took the term “survival of the fittest” and defined “the fittest” as the strongest, smartest and most cunning individuals of a species. Through Darwin’s evolutionary theory, “the fittest” refers to the individuals that have the combination of traits to allow them to survive and produce more offspring in their particular environment. This may not be the strongest, smartest or most cunning individual. In fact it may be the weakest, smallest, least intelligent being, but it possesses the best combination of traits and characteristics for it and its offspring to flourish in a particular environment (O’Neil, 2010).
Nazi Germany took Darwin’s “survival of the fittest” phrase in a literal sense and stated that one of their main goals was to apply this “accepted science” to society. The Nazis became well-known for engineering eugenics programs which would maintain and protect their “pure” and “perfect” German race. These programs were justified by the Nazis as “racial hygiene (Holocaust Encyclopedia, 2010).”
The German Nazis, also referred to as the Aryan race, felt that their evolutionary superiority gave them not only the right, but the duty and responsibility to overthrow all other races. Hitler

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