Everything That Rises Must Converge By Flannery O ' Connor

1583 Words7 Pages
In Flannery O’ Connor’s, “Everything That Rises Must Converge”, Julian’s resentment towards his mother becomes the cause of his own self-revelation. In a selfish attempt to teach his racist mother a lesson in morality, Julian does not sit with her on an integrated bus because It is his fantasy that she will be forced to sit next to an African American person. His wish comes true when an African American woman and her son get on the bus and take a seat next to each of them. However, contrary to his expectations, when the African American boy sits next to his Mother she treats him with kindness and generosity. Consequently, she reveals her true good intentions and grace while Julian is ironically revealed to be the character in need of a lesson and redemption. The story ends when Julian’s mother has a stroke after they exit the bus and he is left to deal with the consequences. O’Connor creates ironic characters to draw attention to their true nature, intention, and flaws. In her story, O’Connor uses a third person narrative and an unnamed narrator to provide objective insight into her character’s motivation. The narrator is an effective plot device that is used to expose the true nature of the characters. Julian, who thinks of himself as righteous, is revealed to be hypocritical and lacking grace. Ironically, his mother, the one supposedly lacking in good moral fiber, is revealed to be closer to a state of grace than Julian. This is an ironic twist because Julian
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