Example Of Act Utilitarianism

780 Words4 Pages
A utilitarian argument, in the strict sense, is one what alleges that we ought to do something because it will produce more total happiness than doing anything else would. Act utilitarianism is the moral theory that holds that the morally right action, the act that we have a moral duty to do, is the one that will maximize “utility” happiness, welfare, well-being Act utilitarianism is not to be confused with egoism. The egoist really only cares about his own happiness. Act utilitarianism says that everyone’s happiness counts equally.

A “utilitarian” argument in a looser sense is one that alleges that we ought to do something because of its “good consequences” or not do something because of its “bad consequences”, where good or bad consequences need
…show more content…
But if we are talking about changing laws to permit voluntary euthanasia, rather than about individual decisions to help someone to die, this distinction is not so relevant. Both act- and rule-utilitarian will base their judgements on whether changing the law will have better consequences than not changing…show more content…
If a person volunteers to die in his own will, then it is their right to make his decision and people, even the government, has no right to interfere. Another thing regarding Euthanasia, traditional utilitarian justifications against killing do not apply. According to Singer, the reason that randomly killing innocent people is morally wrong for a rule utilitarian is that people would suffer considerable anxiety from knowing that their life could be terminated at any point in
Get Access