False Memory And False Memory

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A. Introduction
This study was in the cognitive approach to psychology, which focuses on the way people process information. It looks at how people process the information they receive and how the treatment of this information leads to their responses. The main area of cognitive psychology being studied is memory, which refers to processes and structures involved with storing and retrieving information. The theory of reconstructive memory and false memory is the focus of the experiment. False memory“is a mental experience that is mistakenly taken to be a veridical representation of an event from one's personal past” (Johnson, 2001). Factors which prompt the formations of false memory are misattribution of the original source of information.

One experiment which explained the theory of False Memory was conducted by Roediger & McDermott in 1995. The aim of the study was to replicate James Deese’s observations of false memory and find the it’s existence in a free recall task. The participants were 36 undergraduate students at Rice University. The independent variable was the addition of critical lures and random words and the dependent variable was the participant’s ability to recall the correct studied words. The results were calculated by finding the mean probability of recall of studied words (65), and of excluded words (.40). They concluded that categorically similar words, were recalled at the same rate as those presented. The participant's actions agreed with these

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