Female Genital Mutilation

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Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), otherwise known as female circumcision, is a traumatic procedure performed on women and young girls, primarily in Eastern parts of the world. Among these parts, it is most common in North-Eastern, Eastern, and Western Africa, parts of the Middle East, and South East Asia. By destroying the external female genitalia, a woman cannot produce sexual desires. This approach assures that a girl will remain abstinent and a virgin until marriage. Although is has been kept a private issue, organizations such as Tostan are trying to reach out to communities and teach about the harmful effects of these cuttings. FGM survivors are trying to spread awareness as well. Depending on the severity of mutilation, short and long term ramifications can result. This can make the women affected physically and psychologically scarred. It is not only important to spread awareness, but to enforce harsher laws and put an end to social ostracism. The assurance of acceptance and the preservation of tradition are the two main causes of FGM. Many women fear that if they do not allow this procedure to happen, they will be disowned by not only their family, but whole community. The World Health Organization defines FGM as “all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.” Most of the time, the mutilation is executed on girls that have not yet reached the age of

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