First Nations Of The Twenty First Century

1900 Words8 Pages
In his book ‘First Nations of the Twenty First Century’, James Frideres raises the question “Why do the health concerns of First Nations differ from those of mainstream Canada?” I hope to show that the health and well-being challenges faced by First Nations people are different from those of mainstream Canadians primarily because of the history of colonization, Canadian government policies and social acceptance of those policies.
In order to explore the state of the health and well-being of First Nations peoples I first need to explain the measuring stick used to determine health and well-being. According to the World Health Organization, "health is a complete state of mental, physical and social well-being, not only the absence of disease". In keeping with this philosophy Statistics Canada, collect data on what they term “Non-medical determinants of health”. These determinants fall into the following categories: Health behaviors, Living and working conditions, Personal resources and Environmental factors. Frideres’ question suggests a difference exists so I will compare the health and well-being statuses of Indigenous and mainstream Canadians to understand just what differences exist between both groups. Statistics show that Indigenous people measure lower on almost all aspects of well-being when compared to Non-Indigenous populations. To demonstrate how pervasive the disparity is I would like to review some statistics for each determinant listed above. Considering
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