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Food Insecurity and the Low Income Family Essay

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Food insecurity is an issue faced by millions of Americans every day, and the biggest group affected by this are working families with children. Food insecurity is so big that the United States government have now recognized it and provided a definition for it. The United States government has defined food insecurity as a household level economic and social condition of limited or uncertain access to adequate food (USDA.gov). Food banks and anti-hunger advocates agree that some of the causes of food insecurity are stagnant wages, increase in housing costs, unemployment, and inflation of the cost of food. These factors and unemployment have cause food banks to see a change in the groups of people needing assistance. Doug O’Brien,…show more content…
However, the Food Research and Action Center says that food insecurity and obesity go hand in hand. On frac.org the group highlights studies that show that limited resources and lack of access to healthy affordable foods, cycles of food deprivation and overeating, and high levels of stress can all lead to weight gain. The studies show that foods that are more commonly accessed by the low income families are cheaper, higher in fat, calories and in sodium. A diet based on these types of foods leads to weight gain and obesity, which is why the low income family are more affected by obesity than any other group. Skepticism of people’s true need ties into the support of the federal Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, formally known as Food Stamps. By the 1990’s conservatives and some liberals argued that the Johnson-era reforms had created a culture of dependency on government aid. In 1996 Congress overhauled the welfare system by imposing work requirements and putting time limits on cash payments to the needy. This act caused the SNAP rolls to drop, but the economic crisis that began in 2007 pushed the national unemployment rate above 9 percent. With unemployment at an all-time high this forced millions of families to seek government aid. In response to this new need the SNAP program was expanded as part of the stimulus package in 2009. This expansion was intended to be a temporary fix with cuts to the program to being in 2013. The thought
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