Fourth Amendment Of United States Constitution

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Somalaraju Sateesh Kumar Raju

Fourth amendment of United States Constitution protects people from being undergone unwarranted searches and prevent their things from being taken away by authorities without proper authorization. If any government official or agent want to search an individual or their belongings, they should have proper reason to do that and get permission from the judge.
Fourth amendment of United States constitution states that it is “the right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated; and no Warrants shall issue but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.” (Fourth Amendment - U.S. Constitution, n.d.)
The fourth amendment was proposed on September 25th, 1789 along with eleven other amendments and ratified in 1791 by three-fourths of the state legislatures. (Bill of Rights Transcript)

For a police officer to search a car, he should “reasonably believe” that passengers might be carrying something. They do not need a warrant because cars are not houses. (Maryland v. Dyson, U.S Sup. Ct. 1999) (Searches and Seizures: The Limitations of the Police, n.d.)
If officers have a probable cause to search the car, they can frisk remaining passengers and their belongings also. If they found any incriminating evidence like narcotic

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