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Framing The Truth Analysis

Decent Essays
Framing The Truth: Analyzing News Stories
When presenting news stories, framing is an essential part of telling a factual story. While pure objectivity is impossible, certain techniques journalist acquire can provide for a more unbiased article. Delving into a more specific case study regarding the different aspects of framing, the two articles presented come from the Wall Street Journal (WSJ) and The Guardian. The topic of both articles concern the cancellation of the UC Berkeley Milo Yiannopoulos event and the protests/riots that emerged from the situation. Because journalists unconsciously frame stories to fit their own biases, each article contain differences and similarities in the way it presents the story. This presentation of information
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According to Erving Goffman, it is a “schemata of interpretation”. (Goffman, 1974) On the other hand, Todd Gitlin interprets framing as “persistent patterns of cognition, interpretation, and presentation, of selection, emphasis, and exclusion”. (Gitlin, 1980) On the contrary, scholars Joseph Cappella and Kathleen Jamieson believe that media framing “activates knowledge and stimulate cultural values and morals” within an audience. (Capella and Jamieson, 1997) All these various theories offers support as to how and why the framing of a news article matters.
Delving further into this case study and starting off with the headlines, the WSJ article written by Alejandro Lazo is titled, “University of California, Berkeley Cancels Speaker After Violent Demonstration”. This headline does not specifically name the speaker in question, this being Yiannopoulos. This absence is impactful because it immediately sets the precedence and type of framing the article is aiming for. It gives the audience the chance to not immediately react or correlate Yiannopoulos to the word ‘violent
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The Guardian hooks the readers by writing, “Violence flares after group of anti-fascist activists shoot fireworks at venue where the controversial Breitbart editor was due to give a talk.” Each word provides greater insight into what is perceived as salient throughout the article. The word ‘flares’ uses the rhetorical structure of depictions when describing the violence that occurred at the event. ‘Flares’ not only illustrates a crowd of riled up people, but the police weapons used to disperse the crowds. ‘Flares’ also captivates the later essence of the article when it mentions the “light pole that had been set aflame burned itself out”. Continuing to analyze the lead, The Guardian uses an abundance of designators to frame competition and conflict among Yiannopoulos and the protestors/rioters. It reflects villainous undertones when describing Yiannopoulos as ‘controversial’ and an ‘internet troll’. Additionally, protesters are labeled as ‘boisterous but peaceful’ while carrying ‘glittering flags’. The particular use of ‘glittering flags’, which could also be denoted as a depictor, accentuates the peacefulness of the protesters because of reader’s tendency to connect ‘glittering’ with other positive terms such as ‘beaming’ or
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