Free Trade : More Competitive Domestic Markets

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FREE TRADE: MORE COMPETITIVE DOMESTIC MARKETS
Increased integration of countries as a result of globalisation has created a freer world market in terms of many aspects such as flows of goods, services, financial assets and even people from all around the world. It is almost not possible to stay out of this world for countries. This may seem as a good way to have more efficient markets inside countries. Yet, sometimes some group of producers (due to i.e. high cost of production, insufficient demand, support for weak industries, incentives) or, consumers and civil society (due to i.e. uncontrolled inflows of unhealthy goods, increased pollution), or, governments (due to i.e. increasing balance of payments deficit, job creation problems for population) may be tented to complaint about its harmful influences.
As it can be clearly seen, this process is very wide-ranging which includes both economic and social results. However, in this study, it is aimed to deal with only trade which is quite controversial subject in terms of applied policy choices whether more liberal or more protectionist. For the purpose of this tariffs and quotas are chosen as an example of protectionist policies and Turkey is thought as case country in terms of membership of Customs Union. It will be argued that free trade policies may not seem to have destructive impacts on domestic markets of developing countries. On the contrary, this may help those countries to generate a stronger market thanks to
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