The age of Enlightenment brought the birth of many genius philosophers into the world of the 17th century who all had separate beliefs and teachings. Francois-Marie Arouet, also known as Voltaire had the belief that freedom of speech was beneficial for all aspects of life. Even though we have freedom of speech today many others did not, and it plays a tremendous role on society due to the freedom it brings to our voices. Voltaire had many beliefs to change society, and giving the right to speak freely helped many people. In the play Antigone by Sophocles the protagonist Antigone represents a clear understanding of Voltaire’s belief about the freedom of speech because it represents the freedom of what she has to say against Creon.
Francois-Marie Arouet better known as Voltaire, was born in Paris on the twenty-first of November, 1694. Voltaire was a french enlightenment philosopher, historian and writer, who was most famous for his advocacy of freedom of religion and most importantly his influence on freedom of speech. Voltaire continuously wrote many letters on his beliefs, explaining the reasoning behind them. Voltaire being French had always had admired the english for being so open about their thoughts, beliefs, and culture. Later in his life he left school and immediately wanted to become a famous writer. His father had other plans, he encouraged Voltaire to become a lawyer, but Voltaire went against his wishes. Voltaire, pretending to work in Paris spent the majority
The major moral conflict in Antigone by Sophocles is the conflict over which value is most fundamental. The play presents the moral conflict over whether the god's law or the city's law is more powerful. This seems to be the most prominent theme. The conflict arises mainly between the tragic heroes Antigone and her uncle-in-law Creon, King of Thebes. The city of Thebes had been through a war in which Antigone and her sister Ismene have lost both of their brothers to it, Eteocles and Polyneices. Eteocles's fighting for Thebes was buried and honored as a hero. (lines 24-26) Polyneices was left unburied and dishonored because he is considered an enemy of the city. (lines 27-32) Creon edicts that whoever broke the law by burying
He was impressed by the freedom of thought in England (“Voltaire | Author and Philosopher”). He studied the works of John Locke, and adapted them to fit his own ways of conveying messages to the French revolutionists, such as writing Locke’s ideas and theories into a novel that could be read by anyone. Through his writing, Voltaire attempted to “bring about reform of the social and legal structure that existed at the time” (“Voltaire”1). His works spoke out against war, religious intolerance, and political and social injustice. He learned to speak and write what he truly thought from studying the works of both Locke and Newton (“Voltaire”2).
Antigone’s argument with her sister about her plans to defy the king is the scene that opens the play. From the start, she appears certain that burying Polynices will restore justice when she says, “even if I die in the act, that death will be a glory (Sophocles 86).” She was so sure of the immorality of Creon’s law that she was willing to go to any means necessary to keep her brother from becoming a cautionary tale. In the philosophical statement made by Martin Luther King Jr., he says that, “An individual who breaks a law that conscience tells him is unjust, and who willingly accepts the penalty of imprisonment in order to arouse the conscience of the community over its injustice, is in reality expressing the highest respect for the law.” Antigone stood alone in defending her brother's honor, and did not waver from her beliefs at any point. She went to great lengths in order to convey her belief that Creon had been unfair in the conviction of Polynices. In doing so, she attempted to awaken the consciences of the other Thebans and prove to them that even though Creon was their leader, they had the ability to voice their concerns about
“I do not agree with what you have to say, but I’ll defend to death your right to say it,” were the famous words of Fracois Marie Arouet, more commonly known under the pen name of Voltaire. He was known for being very outspoken and rebellious, which got him into trouble with the authorities for most of his life. Voltaire advocated the French bourgeoisie as being ineffective, the aristocracy as being corrupt, and the commoners as being too superstitious. Voltaire’s beliefs on freedom and reason is what ultimately led to the French Revolution, the United States Bill of Rights, and the decrease in the power of the Catholic Church, which have all affected modern western society.
In Sophocles, Antigone, translated by Ruby Blondell, the main character, Antigone, rebelled against the unethical treatment of her brothers, while Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. also rebelled against the unethical treatment of African Americans in the United States in the 1950s and 1960s. Both Antigone and King Jr. sacrificed their lives to highlight the unethical and unjust treatment in their societies. However, King Jr. uses civil disobedience to achieve his goals to end inequality for African Americans in the United States and is assassinated, while Antigone uses her religion as motivation to bury her brothers and ultimately commit suicide as she so strongly disapproves the actions which the King of Thebes, Kreon. King Jr.’s tactics were more effective than Antigone’s as King Jr. was able to pave the way for equality for African Americans in the United States, while Antigone’s tactics only left Creon to feel guilty and led to no change in her society.
Voltaire lived during the Royal Exchange. In London the representatives of all nations met for the benefit of mankind and discussed dior issues. In England they allowed a multitude of religions and this allowed them to all live peacefully and happily (Document B). The many religions helped because is there was one it would be unrestrained, if there was two kinds they would be at one another's throats and would always be fighting, but since there is a handful of them they all live peacefully. Voltaire had the ideas that everybody has rights and choices on accepting religion and government or refusing to accept it.
He made his biggest contributions through language. Voltaire was a writer, philosopher and more. He was known for his defense of civil liberties, which included freedom of religion and trade. He believed that religion in society should be more tolerant to people and that everyone should be free to practice whatever religion they wished (Document B). He spoke about his support on the social reform, even with the strict laws and harsh penalties against it.
During the Age of Enlightenment philosophers were common, but perhaps one of the greatest was Voltaire. Voltaire was a French philosopher and writer who inspired many people during his time. He was an outspoken supporter of religious toleration and encouraged freedom of speech, which he conveyed in many of his literary works. Voltaire was a deist. A deist is someone who believes that God created the world, but does not interfere; he allows the natural laws to take care of everything. Along with other important philosophers Voltaire’s ideas influenced important people of the French and American Revolutions.
In the play Antigone, written by Sophocles, writes a story about how one person's action has the abilities to affect everyone around them. The main character Antigone openly admits that she dislikes how Thebes is being run. Even though she is alone on her beliefs, she strongly disagrees with Creon decisions, and wants the world to know her deeds. Antigone's deeds end in her inevitable death, but in her passing achieves her objectives. The writer uses her to show how much a single person can affect society, but also shows one must endure the sacrifice to achieve progress. Throughout the story we find the characters must stand by what they believe in and face the consequences to ensure change.
The themes of Antigone are very applicable for all of the characters. The theme of civil disobedience was presented throughout many scenarios and characters. Throughout the tragedy, Creon thought so strongly about his power. Creon stated, “the city is the king’s- [and] that’s the law” (Sophocles 97). Creon truly believed that he was the only and only sole ruler of Thebes and that everyone must obey him. If people did not obey, they would either be killed or punished. In Antigone, Creon believed that “whoever steps out of line, violates the laws or presumes to hand out orders to [their] superiors, he’ll win no praise from [Creon]” (Sophocles 94). In this case, people feared Creon. No one in the city of Thebes wanted to do anything against his rule or speak up to him; therefore, why no one spoke up for Antigone even though many people admired her for doing the right thing and burying her brother. Despite that, Creon’s son, Haemon, did not agree with his father’s way of ruling. Haemon believed that Thebes was “no city at all owned by one man alone,” (Sophocles 97). Haemon did not think that just one man alone could rule the whole city, and that Creon did not own Thebes. The townspeople and everyone who made it a city owned Thebes. Haemon also believed that his father’s way of ruling was incorrect and that he was “offending justice- wrong,” (Sophocles 98). Along with that, Antigone being the strong woman she was defended herself in conjunction to stating that she was well aware of her actions. She stated that the only rules that she follows are ones that Zeus makes, not Creon. She states that she was guilty of what she did and “of
Francois-Marie Arouet, better known by his pen name “Voltaire”, once said “Nothing is more dangerous than ignorance and intolerance armed with power”. This quote criticizes the government and the Catholic Church - two institutions known for their lack of tolerance, respect, and value of the common person’s life. Voltaire was a French author, historian, and philosopher who was active during the age of enlightenment in the 18th century. It was a time characterized by the discussion of four new values: Humanitarianism, ending suffering; Progress, furthering society; Rationality, using logic and reason to improve the world; and Freedom of Thought, challenging traditional authority, blind obedience, and superstition. Voltaire is known for
One perspective of oppression in Antigone is demonstrated through the conflict between Creon and Antigone regarding the burial of Polyneices, Antigone’s brother. Creon is the king of Thebes, and constantly has to assert his power, even if it means suppressing others’ opinions. When Antigone disagrees with his decree of allowing the burial of only one of her brothers, she defiantly performs a burial ritual for the other. Creon is outraged and issues the punishment of death upon Antigone, and condemns her sister Ismene for the same crime “for they are but women, and even brave men run when they see death coming” (Sophocles 460-465). It is clear that the main issue is not about Antigone breaking the law; but that she is an inferior woman who is expressing her opinions against someone of a higher standing. Creon oppresses Antigone for her gender and refuses to acknowledge her perspective because he would rather “lose to a man, at least”
François-Marie Arouet, or most commonly known as Voltaire was born November 21, 1699, in Paris, France. He was a French philosopher, historian and writer of the Age of Enlightenment. He valued the right to have your own thoughts as well as the ability to change religion. Even though he was a complex person, he was highly intelligent, humorous and his writing style made him one of France 's greatest writers and philosophers. He supported social reform, including freedom of religion, civil rights and free trade.
Voltaire had suffered many setbacks in life before his trip to England in spring of 1726 that had shaped his mindset, and made him skeptical to authority. He was born Francois-Marie Arouet to a French aristocratic family in 1694 during the reign of king Louis XIV. When Voltaire