The French Revolution vs. The Haitian Revolution
A revolution is a shift, a turning point, a change in government. A revolution usually occurs when the majority of a nation is frustrated with the economic, political, or the social situation of their country. Two very interesting revolutions were the Haitian and the French revolutions. While the Haitian and French revolutions took place in close proximity to one another, the cause for the revolutions and results were quite different.
The political situation at the time of the revolution was the white French planters who owned the large cotton, tobacco, and sugar cane plantations. Then came the Petit Blanc who were the artisans and workers. The Petit Blancs had some slaves but were …show more content…
While these were different causes for the revolutions, both revolutions did involve an insistence on fairness by the lower income population and a rejection of the status quo.
The results of the two revolutions were very different. In Haiti, the slaves killed thousands of planters leading to the realization by France that it could not continue to rule. But the French required Haiti had to pay billions of dollars to France for damages to French
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The Haitian Revolution was one of the most important slave revolts in Latin American history. It started a succession of other revolutionary wars in Latin America and ended both colonialism and imperialism in the Americas. The Haitian Revolution affected people from all social castes in Haiti including the indigenous natives, mestizos, mulattos and the Afro-Latin. The idea of starting a rebellion against France began with the colony’s white elite class seeking a capitalist market. These elites in the richest mining and plantation economies felt that the European governments were limiting their growth and restricting free trades. However, the Afro-Latin, mestizos and mulattos turned the Haitian Revolution into a war for equality and built a new state. The Haitian Revolution, with the support of it large slave population and lower class citizens, eliminated slavery and founded the Republic of Haiti. Tin this essay I will discuss how mestizos, mulattos and the Afro-Latin Americans population in Haiti participate in the fight for independence and how they creation of new republics.
A revolution, by definition, is the overthrow of one government followed by replacement with another. The American Revolution against the British during 1775 to 1783 and the French Revolution pitting the French people against their own government during 1789 to 1799 were both very important political and social turnovers. This movement towards the establishment of a constitutional government influenced political thought throughout the world. By closely examining three of the main causes of these revolutions, it is clear that although the two revolutions have their differences, the basis of cause for the revolutions have, overall, much stronger similarities.
It was during the late half of the eighteenth century that would experience a series of turbulence across the Atlantic World. In a time that can be called an era of revolution, the Atlantic World faced a multitude of uprisings. The American Revolution in 1765 would be the start of the age of revolutions, and would later inspire the revolutions of other countries across the Atlantic, such as the French Revolution in 1789, the Haitian Revolution in 1791, and later the Latin American Revolutions during the early nineteenth century. The events of these revolutions created shockwaves across the Atlantic that would bring new developments that had a lasting impact on the world. However, since slavery was an integral part to what had transpired in
The Haitian and French Revolutions both aimed to overthrow the unjust influences of the French monarchy and ultimately succeeded in positively obtaining more social equality for the majority of their people, with differing impacts on their political and economic structures. The Haitian slaves in Haiti and the Third Estate in French were both large social classes that had very little power and influence in their countries. By ignoring the welfare of these populations, the ruling classes were eventually overthrown with significant impacts on the political, social, and economic futures of both France and Haiti
Although there were some differences in both revolutions, they were still very much alike. Both revolutions were tremendously committed to achieve freedom and equality amongst all the people of both nations. This makes the French and American revolutions inspirational to many
A revolution is not an event that comes around every few years. In fact, for an event to be considered a revolution that event must bring about significant political, social, ideological, religious or even technological change. Throughout history there have been some very noteworthy revolutions such as the Agricultural Revolution, the American Revolution, and the French Revolution. Of all the revolutions in history, it is perhaps the French Revolution that remains the most romanticized in the minds of the people. The French Revolution was, at its core, a revolution of the masses, for the masses. It was a long, violent affair, lasting from 1787 to 1799. Like most periods of historical importance, the French Revolution was not caused by a single, specific event in history. It was rather the result of the accumulation of many events spread all through the 18th century. Some of the most important causes of the French Revolution were the economic crisis, the rising tensions between the social classes, the shortcoming of the rule of Louis XVI, and the Age of Enlightenment.
The revolutionary processes that occurred in North America and South America differed in that there was no goal for a social reform present in the North American Revolution, however, the main goal of the Haitian Revolution was for the change of the rigid social class system and abolishment of slavery. In Saint-Domingue the social class system followed the idea that the whiter a person was, the better. This meant that the people of color were of the lower class with the slaves. Before the revolution in Haiti began, the white settlers in Saint-Domingue who sought to govern themselves opposed the ideas to give political or legal equality to the slaves. Because of this opposition, a large slave revolt broke out against the white settlers. The Haitian revolution then began, fueled by the goal of the abolishment of slavery and the want for political equality. Opposite to this, the goals of the North American Revolution were mainly political and economic reforms. During the American Revolution, slavery was seen throughout all 13 colonies, and was not fought. The main goal of the American Revolution was to gain political freedom from the mother country and stop harsh economic policies like the unfair taxation that was inflicted upon the colonies. Unlike the slaves in Haiti, the slaves did not revolt, and there was no social reform that took place during the revolution. Therefore, the revolutions differed in that there was no goal for social reform in
One way the French Revolution impacted the Haitian Revolution was by changing the mindsets of the Haitians in all social classes. The events occurring in France opened the Haitians’ eyes to a point where slaves weren’t the only ones in Haiti who wanted a change, but thanks to the French Revolution, everyone was angry. To begin with, the grand blancs wanted to terminate their trade agreement with France so they could sell to the highest bidder and keep the money they earned. Like the members of the Third Estate, they didn’t want to be controlled by the weak and tyrannical French monarchy. Speaking of the Third Estate, they might have been located in France, but the petit blancs still associated themselves with them, which is logical, as they were poor working classmen. These blancs were inspired by the citizens in France and their determination, as well as their desire for acquiring the rights they felt they deserved. Nevertheless, they turned to violent measures and began attacking the grand blancs. The petit blancs weren’t the only ones who wanted to be treated equally to the grand blancs; the gens de couleur had a yearning for this as well. Although they had
What is a revolution? By definition it means the overthrow of a government by those who are governed. That is exactly what the French and the Mexican revolutions were all about. The living conditions and overall treatment of the poor, pheasants, lower class, last man on the totem pole or what ever you want to call them, was a large factor in the coming of these revolutions. "Those who are governed" are exactly what the lower class people were. Also, liberty was one of the people's major concerns. They were ruled by men whose only desire was power and greed which is what led them into revolt.
The French Revolution began less than two decades after the American Revolution. In many ways, the American experience was an inspiration for the citizens of France. But the people of the two countries had different situations and had different concerns, which influenced the way each revolution began, progressed, and ended. In this assignment you will write an essay that compares and contrasts the two revolutions.
The events that led up to the Haitian Revolution were some very good key points. During the video, I thought about the certain events that caused the French Revolution. For example, in the video it states that when the slaves would act up or run away, the owners would amputate their legs and arms, rubbing hot powder or pepper into the slave’s wounds as “punishment”, or lynching slaves and leaving them to die. I feel that these things were small causes that changed into big causes that sparked the Haitian Revolution. Being mistreated went far too long, and they had enough. Another example is how skilled the slaves were in causing this revolution. Everything was planned, and executed properly. It took three days to burn down majority of the
Throughout history, there have been dozens of times when people were extremely upset with the government that was ruling over them. However, these angry citizens only revolt a fraction of the time, due to fear of the government. Two examples of when people stood up for their rights and revolted are the French Revolution and the Haitian Revolution. These revolts are loosely connected, as many say that the Haitian Revolution was inspired by the French Revolution. The French Revolution started in 1789 and continued all the way until 1814. The people in France had discontent with the classes, as 98% of the French population was living in serious poverty. The French people
The American War for Independence, the French Revolution and the Haitian Revolution were all decisive events in world history that would lead to dramatic change in the respective societies. Countless documents were written about each of these exchanges, but only a few capture what each movement stood for and what was being fought for in the situation. These documents include: Common Sense by Thomas Paine, the Declaration of Independence of the United States of America, What is The Third Estate? By Emmanuel Sieyes, the Declaration of Rights of Man and the Citizen, and the Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Citizen. These documents all share similarities with one another, however they can differentiate at times in terms of what the people
The Haitian Slave Revolt of 1791-1804 influenced democracy and independence across the World. Toussaint L’Overture, Jean-Jacques Dessalines and other slave leaders showed others a powerful example of successful revolution and democracy leading others to follow suit. The Haitian revolutionaries explored their rights and new forms of government encountering opinion differences and violence along the way and then exchanged these new found ideas of freedom with other countries across the world.
The struggle for economic and political reformation in a society is an arduous task that can be impeded by opposing political beliefs, predominant figures, and limitation of resources and support. In history, an uprising to motivate innovation to the preexisting political power or structures by the majority of the population can be explained by a single word, revolution. The politically correct definition of revolution is the repudiation and replacement of an established government and political system by the majority population as they revolt against the current authorities. In this sense it takes up the part of speech of a noun. However, in correlation to history an argument can be derived that rather than a noun it should be under the classification of an adjective. In a lecture given by Professor James Alexander Dun, the lecturer provides his beliefs and arguments of the word revolution. He explains that because a revolution takes place over a short period of time and characterizes or describes a series of events as revolutionary it could not be considered a noun. This assertion can be affirmed with consideration to the Haitian Revolution. The Haitian Revolution was a slave rebellion in the French colony of Haiti that effectively ended slavery and French control in that jurisdiction. It is characterized as a revolution because of the governmental and societal changes it brought to the colony of Haiti, however, it truly is an act of rebellion, asserted as a revolution. I