The sweat dripped from the five year old’s face as he sent the parts down the assembly line. During the Industrial Revolution many children were forced to work in order to support their family because of the unstable economy. The hardships that these children suffered through ruined their childhood. In the factories, the working conditions for the children were terrible, they had working long hours for such little pay for their families. In the United States today, this problem is mostly resolved due to many bills that went through Congress, but in many third world countries child labor still exists. Although it was a very cheap solution for large companies, it destroys the life of children in an unethical manner.
During the Industrial Revolution, children were the cheapest type of labor for factories. The Industrial Revolution was a time in american history when the country was desperate for money because it was in so much debt after the gruesome Civil War. The economy got a sudden boost from all new inventions and innovations from geniuses like Henry Ford and Thomas Edison. Now, many people left the agricultural life and fled to cities where they had the chance to work in the factories to make money. At this time, children became much more commonly seen in factories due to their hard work for small pay. “In 1900, 18 percent of all American workers were under the age of 16” (Yellowitz). The other reason why many factory owners liked the
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Child labor was very common and popular especially in the late 1800s and early the 1900s even though many people were not aware of the dangers. We can define child labor as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and cause to their physical and mental development. Children are the base of a country but in a developing country child labor is an issue that has yet to disappear. Most of the children remain illiterate because of their poor economic condition and parents do not have enough money to spend on the education of their children, rather they send their children for work so that they could earn some money during their poor economic condition. The objective of my research paper is to raise awareness
In a photograph taken by Lewis Hine, he shows us “how dangerous the machines are that the children are working on and that they were practically working inside of them” (Document 8). Being in a room full of dust and sweat, small children could get all of the dust and lint stuck in their lungs. With no windows, this work habit is highly unsafe for the children. It is actually unsafe for anyone who is stuck in a small room with no windows for thirteen hours a day. In the same interview, Elizabeth Bentley was asked, “To explain what she had to do while working in the flax mill” (Document 7). Her answer was, “When the frames are full, they have to stop the frames, and take the full bobbins off, and carry them to the roller, and then put empty ones on, and set the frame going again” (Document 8). A six year old child doing all this work was a disaster waiting to happen because children could easily get hurt or hurt another person.
Throughout history, children have always worked, either as apprentices or servants. However, child labor reached a whole new scale during the time period of the Industrial Revolution. Throughout the time frame of late 1800s-early 1900s, children worked long hours in dangerous factory conditions for very little wages. They were considered useful as laborers because their small stature allowed them to be cramped into smaller spaces, and they could be paid less for their services. Many worked to help support their families, and by doing so, they forwent their education. Numerous nineteenth century reformers and labor groups sought to restrict child labor and to improve working conditions.
However the industrial revolution was not all good. The working class had no other option but to turn up at the factories for work. The factory system resulted in over-crowding and unhygienic conditions and also the development of slum areas. Many factory owners who needed cheap, unskilled labour, profited greatly by using children and women to run the machines and because they were small and could fit in tunnels as well not only that they were more suited for factory life because they could adopt more quickly and easily than men. By the age of 6, many children were already working twelve hours a day in factories. These children had no free time to do anything plus they earned low wages. Hardly any of the children went to school they had to work in factories to earn money. Quite a lot of the people who worked at factories got sick and died because of the toxic fumes in the factories. While others were severely injured because the machines didn't have safety guards so many children got killed by machinery when they fell asleep and got caught up in the machines. Many of the children who were orphans, hired by the employers would
Conditions of factories were not safe for anyone, let alone a small child. Due to these conditions many children died before their prime. Many children “began work at age 5, and generally died before they were 25” (www.victorianweb.org), America was beginning to lose an entire generation due to these working conditions that so many had to endure. Children were hired at an alarming rate. “In 1870, the first time census reported child workers, there were 750,000 workers in the United States age 15 and under, not including those who worked on family farms or in other family businesses” (“Child Labor in America”), these numbers were not something that was looked over, it astonished many. “A cotton manufactory of 5 or 6000 spindles will employ those 200 children” (Bremner 232). The workforce would continuously grow, hiring more and more children each day. Factories were good for using children as a means of their productivity. “Textile factories, for the most part […] were in the forefront of this industrial revolution, and children formed an essential component of the new industrial workforce” (Bremner 232). Many times without these children working some of these factories would not have survived through the revolution.
One of the many reasons why Industrialization is a negative impact on society is that it caused child labor. Child workers vary from ages 5-17.Child labor is when child work for money to support their family. There were not a lot of different types of jobs for child, but some of the job opportunities were coal miners, factory workers, and
The practice of Child Labor in America in the early 1900s had a devastating impact on generations of children. This mainly impacted children of poor and disadvantaged families; these families tended to suffer from generations of debt or were new immigrants to America. These children worked long hours which they did not get paid nearly enough for. They worked hard, dangerous jobs daily. In the 1900s, children chose to support their families in times of need rather than furthering their education, for which they did not get paid nearly enough. These jobs affected their health poorly and had a negative impact on their childhood and development. Children of poor families in cities suffered the most during the Industrial Revolution, because they had to work long hours, did hard jobs, and often sacrificed their health and education to support their struggling families.
In the documentary “The Children Who Built Victorian Britain” by BBC, talks about the children of the industrial revolution, it shows the jobs they had, where these children came from, their motivation and the progression of laws against child labor. Before the industrial revolution people used to manufactures their goods in their homes using simple machines, but in the late 1700’s this shifted drastically in Britain. They started to implement new ideas of modernization using industries to manufacture goods at a larger scale. The steam engine, iron and textile industries were one of the many industries that played a key role to improve economy, transportation and living conditions in the late 1700’s. Without the industrial revolution we wouldn’t have the technology that we have nowadays, but the industrial revolution also brought a dark chapter for history, the exploitation of children.
Children most of the time worked in mines, glass factories, textiles, canaries, and home industries. A lot of these industries are filled with dangers that can easily kill them. In this quote “Children as young as six years old during the industrial revolution worked hard hours for little or no pay” (Child labor in factories). A good number of these kids were harassed and mistreated by the factory bosses. If children didn’t arrive on time to work, they would have to be punished by the factory bosses. The punishment was that the children would have to sprint up and down the factory aisle until they were completely drained out of energy and they had to do this nude carrying a backpack full of heavy objects. This caused a lot of children to develop
In 1900, Eighteen percent of the American workers were under the age of 16. In southern Cotton Mills, the percent of laborers who were under the age of 15 was twenty-five percent and half of these children were as young as age twelve. Child laborers were the sons and daughters of poor parents, rural farmers and recent immigrants who needed the wages that their children earned to survive. Although many historians talk about the economic benefits of the Industrial Revolution, it had innumerable negative effects on children. The first negative effect could be seen in the daily life of kids.
After the Civil War, the availability of natural resources, new inventions, and a receptive market combined to fuel an industrial boom. The demand for labor grew, and in the late 19th and early 20th centuries many children were drawn into the labor force. Factory wages were so low that children often had to work to help support their families. The number of children under the age of 15 who worked in industrial jobs for wages climbed from 1.5 million in 1890 to 2 million in 1910. Businesses liked to hire children because they worked in unskilled jobs for lower wages than adults, and their small hands made them more adept at handling small parts and tools. Children were seen as part of the family economy. Immigrants and rural migrants often sent their children to work, or worked alongside
The conditions in industrial factories for child laborers are cruel and unjust. The factories that supply us all with the clothing we wear are mistreating the children of England with harsh work environments. I have was given the privilege to witness the children of our textile factories first hand and noticed some very urgent health deformities and illnesses.
Although children had been servants and apprentices throughout most of human history, child labor reached new extremes during the Industrial Revolution.There was a big impact on the daily life of a child labourer as poor children often worked full time jobs with minimal pay in order to help support their families. Young children worked long hours in factories under dangerous conditions. children were easier to manage and control than adults because their size was perfect as it allowed them to move in small spaces in factories or mines.The practice of child labor continued throughout much of the Industrial Revolution until laws were eventually passed that made child labor illegal.
Our paper has looked at factory conditions and found that the management of the children is very poor. Children in factories worked a gruesome sixteen hours a day, and were not tended to properly. The over working of these children will lead to many deaths in the future, due to the insanitation and the labor they endure every day. Ms. Pennypincher stated that the “children were beaten, slapped, and whipped” if they disobeyed the orders in her factory, resulting in the average thirty deaths a year in her factory. In addition, the amount of children who worked in one room would be on average around ten to fifteen kids. The ten to fifteen children would operate the machines in the factory with optimum lighting, due to ceilings with tall windows.
The industrial revolution is known to be one of the hardest times known in the American history as it led to poverty, pollution and prejudice. Along with these corruptions, came one of the worst darkest sides of the industrial revolution which is known as child labour. Although children have been servants and apprentices throughout most of the human history, child labour reached its extreme point during this time. Child labour is the employment of children under the age of physical maturity, which is 18 years old. As many believe that child labour does not affect them, they do not realize the Persian rugs they own are all made by the suffering children, all gathered in a small dark room. They do not realize the high-end Nike shoes they wear are all made my children, who slave themselves day and night with little pay. Children are giving up their childhood, education and families just to earn a few cents a day as some work from 6 in the morning till 7 at night for less that 20 cents a day. As poverty is the main cause of child labour, many families send their kids, as young as the age of 5 to work to earn money. However, working as a child also has its cons, as it can disturb the child physically, mentally and even emotionally. That being the reason, children all the world should not be derived from their childhood, should be able to attend school, live their life as children, enjoy, play and have fun.