“When Galileo was under house arrest, he wrote Two New Sciences.” It’s about his life’s work on the science of motion and strength of materials. In his book, Galileo talks about the resistance of bodies’ separation in day one. It talks about Aristotle and his theory on motion. Aristotelian physics argued that the Earth must not move as humans are unable to perceive the effects of this motion. On the other hand, it includes Galileo’s procedures of his experiment on motion. The second day, it talks about the cause of cohesion. There’s information about how animals have to have large bones to be able to carry their own weight. In the section, He proves that the optimum shape for a beam supported at one end and bearing a load at the other is parabolic.
While at Pisa and Padua, Galileo was busy working out the mechanics of his observations. It would be a long time before he actually published his results. One of his major contributions to mechanics was his theory of inertia. He conducted numerous experiments by rolling balls on a variety of inclines. Using various inclines, and various size balls, his observations led him to a new understanding of what is ‘natural’ to objects. First, he stated that motion is as natural as rest for any object. Secondly, he rebutted the medieval thought that all motion could be explained in terms of cause and purpose. “I hold,” Galileo stated, “that there exists nothing in external bodies ... but size, shape, quantity and motion.” Galileo became famous for his astronomical observations in the early 1600’s, and earned a position at the Florentine court. Early in 1609, Galileo learned of the invention of a telescope that was able to magnify objects up to 3 times. After acquiring one, he improved upon it and made the first the first astronomically useful instrument. In his writing, Sidereus Nuncius (The Starry Messenger, written in 1610), he described his observations of the
During most of the 16th and 17th centuries, it was not easy for scientists to make new discoveries and present them to the world. The Catholic Church, a dominating force during that period, persecuted anyone who would spread ideas and opinions that contradicted what the Bible stated. Both Copernicus and Galileo believed in the heliocentric theory, also called Copernicus theory, which stated that the sun was at the centre of the universe and the earth revolves around it. However, the Catholic Church did not agree with this idea because the Bible stated that the earth was at the centre of the universe and the sun revolved around it, which is the complete opposite. Due to this disagreement, Copernicus and Galileo were threaded by the Catholic Church and
In 1633 the Vatican put a famous astronomer under house arrest. His name was Galileo Galeli, and he was one of the most talented scientists to ever walk the face of the earth. Galileo was an early pioneer in the field of physics and astronomy, and played an important role in the scientific revolution of the 17th century.
Eventually Galileo Galilei (1564 – 1642) came to popularity, rejecting the Aristotelian notions of motion (O'Connor, J.J., & Robertson, E. F., 2002). He showed that speed does not increase continuously and that impetus does not exist, and argued that once motion starts it would remain forever, if not imparted. This idea is very similar to Isaac Newton’s later ideas of inertia and his
The Catholic church has performed many acts of injustice in order to retain their power and influence throughout the world. One of the most prominent acts in the world of science was the prosecution of Galileo Galilei. Galileo had become the father of modern science, due to his scientific breakthroughs revolutionizing modern technology. However, Galileo’s supporting argument for the Copernican heliocentric theory of the universe had caught the Church’s attention, and they would go on to accuse Galileo of heresy, forcing him to spend the rest of his life under house arrest. The battle between Galileo and the Holy Office was a long and treacherous one with Galileo being condemned not once, but twice. This led to a
For most people of the modern age, a clear distinction exists between the truth as professed by religious belief, and the truth as professed by scientific observation. While there are many people who are able to hold scientific as well as religious views, they tend to hold one or the other as being supreme. Therefore, a religious person may ascribe themselves to certain scientific theories, but they will always fall back on their religious teachings when they seek the ultimate truth, and vice versa for a person with a strong trust in the sciences. For most of the early history of humans, religion and science mingled freely with one another, and at times even lent evidence to support each other as being true. However, this all changed
Galileo was the first European to make systematic observations of the heavens through his improved invention of the telescope. Through his telescope, Galileo made a series of discoveries. Galileo’s observations demolished among the traditional cosmology of what the universe seemed to be composed of. Not only did Galileo make astonishing discoveries, but he was also offered a new position from Grand Duke Cain II of Florence, as his court mathematician. During this time, Galileo was told that he could continue to discuss Copernicanism, as long as he would maintain everything as mathematical supposition, and not as facts. Due to the Inquisitions response, the church attacked the Copernican system since it threaten the Scripture and its’ entire conception of the universe. The new system rose'd much uncertainty that seemed as prudent to simply condemn it. In 1633, Galileo was found guilty of teaching the condemned Copernican system and was then forced to be placed under house arrest. He spent the remaining eight years of life studying mechanics. The principal of motion was the one of the problems that fell under the heading of mechanics. At the end, Galileo made two contributions to the problem of motion. He demonstrated by experimenting uniform force to accelerate
Galileo was born into a continent wracked by cultural ferment and religious divisions. In the late of 1500s, he saw the last years of the Italian Renaissance, which is a revival of arts and letters that sought the recovery and reworking of classical art and philosophy from ancient Greece and Rome. And on the 15th and 16th centuries, the Renaissance Italy was a center of artistic and intellectual ferment, a home for the great geniuses of the revived humanistic spirit Machiavelli, Da Vinci, Petrarch, Michelangelo, and many more. But the popes also enjoying the peak of their influence, not just the leaders of the Roman Catholic Church during these years, the popes do served as secular leaders as well, and controlling much of central Italy around
The Usefulness of History and Historical Thinking Galileo’s Middle Finger, by Alice Dreger, is a book about Dreger’s activism against the surgical correction of intersex people. The bulk of the book is about this topic and how the author has made efforts to change the ethics of medical research and help benefit the lives of intersex people. Dreger writes about the ethical flaws in the current treatment of intersex people by the medical community. For example, doctors are taught in medical school to “fix” intersex people at birth.
Many people in the past believed in traditional teachings. One of the examples is religions. In the past, people’s belief was taught from generations to generations. Many looked in the past for examples to create something new. Many thought that the traditional teachings they were taught were always right. For example, “The physical elements, according to Aristotle moved vertically, depending on their ‘heaviness’ or ‘gravity’; the celestial bodies were not physical but a ‘fifth element’ or ‘quintessence’ whose nature was to move in perfect circles around the earth, making a daily rotation.” This observation was not right. “The earth was not the true center of the orbits and the motion was not uniform.” Although people believed in traditional
for people to accept. But when the actual facts are looked at it is very easy
For the time Galileo was very smart, while he lived in Pisa he attended a private tutor and learned about Medicine and Math and English. Then he moved to Florence to attend a college to learn more in Mathematics and Physics. Sadly before he was able to get his diploma he had to drop out forced to money issues, so he moved back to Pisa. While he was back in Pisa he stopped learning about medicine so he could focus more on mathematics. “In 1589, at age 25, Galileo was given the position of lecturer in math at the University and was selected as the Chair of Mathematics.” “Galileo (1564-1643)” During this time Galileo was starting to challenge different theory’s like Aristotle, trying to find a problem in it. Most of the students in his classes thought he was insane for doing so. When he finally found something, he tried to get the respect of his students back by showing them, that everything drops at the same rate.
In summer of 1609, Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) pointed his revolutionary astronomical telescope to the heavens under the starry Venetian sky; his greatly important observations unveiled the mysteries of universe and would end up changing the course of scientific thought forever. Galileo lived in an age where there was much status quo, when scientists and philosophers would accept scientific and religious doctrine that had stood for hundreds, if not thousands, of years instead of challenging the accepted knowledge in favor of intellectual progress. Galileo’s scientific methods lead to significant discoveries explaining key scientific laws, such as the