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Essay on Gender Inequalities: Improving or Deteriorating?

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To distinguish the extent to which social divisions in gender between male and females are socially constructed we first have to discuss the issue of stratification by gender (inequality) and the theories which surround it. This essay will distinguish the concepts of gender inequalities in unpaid labour and employment, the media, as well as briefly looking into violence. Through discussing each of these concepts, we can compare the historical context of gender to the present day to see if things have socially improved or deteriorated.

Before looking into the concepts of gender inequalities, we must first explore gender itself which is the division into two groups - men and women. ‘Society shows us that gender is a system that
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You could apply Feinberg’s theory to this as back then it was just accepted and seen as the way of life for men and women. It was found in a 2006 study that on average ‘women spent 180 minutes per day on housework; that’s 78% more time than men who spent only 101 minutes per day.’ (Lader, D 2006) This reveals that even in current society women are still accepted to partake in unpaid labour through housework rather than be in employment and this reflects the past in the United Kingdom.

This unpaid labour connects to employment rates in the second quarter of 2008 in the UK as the employment rate was 79 per cent for men and 70 per cent for women which has remained unchanged since 1999. (Office of National Statistics, 2008). It has to be said that in recent times, the division between males and females is less evident but inclination towards male dominance in employment is still shown. Today, this gender inequality is accepted in society which reveals a strong unfairness against women in employment.

In 2006, it was reported that the gender pay gap in the UK is one of the highest in Europe: women who work full-time earned 17% less per hour than men and women working part-time earned 39% less per hour than men working full-time. (Office of National Statistics, 2008). However, women’s place in society and in employment has improved greatly since the Equal Pay Act of 1970. Over the years, there has been an
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