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Gender Segregation in the Worplace Separated by Vertical and Horizontal Hierarchy

Decent Essays
According to the Dictionary of Sociology (1998) gender segregation refers to the unequal distribution between men and women in the work place, sometimes also (and more accurately) called ‘occupational segregation by sex’. There are two forms: ‘vertical segregation’ describes the clustering of men at the top of occupational hierarchies and of women at the bottom; ‘horizontal segregation’ describes the fact that at the same occupational level (that is within occupational classes or even occupations themselves) men and women have different job tasks.

Horizontal and Vertical Segregation

Occupational segregation by gender is at the heart of stereotyped career choices and has shown a stubborn resistance to change in the labour market of the
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According to Watson (2008) one of the reasons for the gender inequality in the workplace is simply because of the UK social construct that outlines the roles, behaviours, activities and attributes that a this society believes are appropriate for men and women. Therefore the assignment of these roles and adoption of these traits can create gender inequities.

However, Gregg and Wadsworth (1996) (cited in Williams, 2007) believe that over the past half-century, the employment participation rates of women and men have steadily converged and are now approaching equality in many Western economies. At the turn of the millennium in the UK, for instance, some 75 per cent of the total population of working age was of men. Indeed, during the past decade, the particular life-cycle pattern of women’s participation in employment that was so evident in the past has disappeared even if the pay rates and hours that have long distinguished women’s employment remain.

Sharma and Sharma (2012) argue that gender equality reinforces the attitude and practice of fair and reasonable distribution of resources and prospects to men and women. It promotes equal opportunities for men and women in any social congregation. The distinctive property with which one is born not preserves gender differentiation. However, the human world images created real and virtual gender images to narrow role specification functions.
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