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Governor Livingston High School : Sergeant Curtis Maddox : An Average American Soldier

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Governor Livingston High School Sergeant Curtis Maddox: An Average American Soldier in the Army Fighting in Europe Katie Zimmermann Advanced Placement United States History Mr. Bolger 3 January 2017 Europe had been fighting in World War II for two years by 1941. The two major powers in the war were the Axis Powers and the Allied Powers. Germany, Italy, and Japan were the key players in the Axis Powers. The Allied Powers ' chief countries were Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union. America attempted to remain neutral, as it did not want to enter another world war, but on December 7, 1941, Japan bombed Pearl Harbor. This forced America to declare war on Japan the next day. Germany and Italy then declared war on…show more content…
Sgt. Maddox was discharged on June 3rd, 1944, but his fellow American soldiers fought on and were essential on June 6, 1944, D-Day ("Timeline of World War II"). On D-Day, roughly 160,000 Allied soldiers landed along 60 miles of the Content Peninsula on Normandy Beach. A little under half of these men were American soldiers ("D-Day and the Battle of Normandy"). This attack severely weakened and dislodged German soldiers everywhere on the Normandy coast. The success of the Allies in this essential battle, due to the help and fight of the average American soldier, allowed them to obtain a greater foothold in Continental Europe and to liberate France, which had been under German control for 4 years. These successes allowed the Allies to move through Europe and to defeat the European Axis Powers ("Timeline of World War II"). On May 8, 1945, Victory in Europe Day, the war in Europe ended. This day was also celebrated in America, even though America was still at war with Japan. A photograph of a crowd in New York City on Victory in Europe Day captured the essence of how Americans celebrated the victory and the efforts of the American soldiers in Europe (Doc C). The lower ranking soldiers in the American army, like Sgt. Maddox, were the troops who did the actual fighting that won the war. Most of the soldiers in the army were enlisted men. Enlisted men usually referred to men ranked as a private and
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