Gregor Mendel 's Theory Of Genetics

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Gregor Johann Mendel was a scientist, Augustinian friar and an abbot of St. Thomas’ Abbey in Brno, Margraviate of Moravia. He was born on July 20, 1822 and died on January 6, 1884 at the age of 61. He was Austrian and was the child of Anton and Rosine Mendel along with two other siblings. He studied in the field of genetics at two universities and one institution and is known for creating the science of genetics.

Early Life Gregor was born the middle child and the only son of Anton and Rosine Mendel. He lived and worked on the family farm that had been family owned for generations. He worked in the garden and studied beekeeping which contributed to his deep love for biological sciences. He received his early …show more content…

Some of these characteristics were the height of the plant, shape of the pod, shape of the seed, size and color of the seeds. He cross-pollinated the plants with different characteristics in order to study the effects on the offspring. He also made sure to prevent accidental pollination by insects. He cultivated thousands of pea plants throughout his experiments. He collected the seeds of the offspring and examined them for changes or variations in color, shape, and size. He compared the plants for differences in height. Over a period of eight years he examined and observed plants that would form the basis for a deeper study of genetics. He presented the results of his experiments in 1865 at the Natural History Society of Brno. In 1866 his findings were published in ‘Experiments on Plant Hybridization.’ His research failed to create an impact at that time. He was made abbot of the monastery in 1868, where he had been teaching. The increase in responsibilities prevented him from carrying out anymore scientific experiments. Gregor Mendel’s experiments and information failed to gain much attention and importance during his lifetime, but he did form the foundation for what is now known as Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance.

Accomplishments Gregor Mendel discovered the fundamental laws of inheritance by his work through pea plants. He concluded that genes come

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