This paper reviews the available groundwater governance literature with the specific aim of highlighting and critically examining the role of knowledge in supporting "good governance" of groundwater resources including how knowledge co-generation/co-production may contribute to enhancing cooperation/reducing conflict over managing shared resources. While reviews of global literature do exist, they have thus far only been used to make generic recommendations on the importance of knowledge for groundwater governance, and have not been specifically examined the role of knowledge in conflict management between different actors.
Governance is essentially a set of enabling framework and guiding principles through which institutions or set of institutions would exercise an authority. In short it shows how the decision making of this entity is taking place and how these decisions are implemented (Rogers et. al, 2006). The “good” groundwater governance could be described by the transparency of the decision-making process and its further effective implementation in meeting the sustainable and equitable management of these resources. Although groundwater governance builds onto overall water governance, the peculiarities of groundwater and the way in which it is formed, developed and exploited by different stakeholders requires specific governance principles and analysis (Paul, 2015).
Often environmental issues need interdisciplinary approaches and analysis which may not be possible
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However in order to secure their supply they must engage in peaceful negotiations as violence would only jeapordise their share of the supply. Thus the potential for water conflict is there as tensions continue to increase between upstream and downstream nations, and perhaps overtime as the downstream nations share of the supply is further squeezed, these tensions are likely to result in conflict.
What we gained from this research was not a thorough understanding of the legislative measures that governments are taking to provide water to the citizens within their borders. Rather, we learned the general lesson that governments, regardless of their resources or political structure, are not the most reliable or capable entities to provide for human beings
For this paper water structures and infrastructures were selected as focus points because the longer we wait to fix issues with them, the more expensive it will get, in other words, we are in a race against time. Studying the past it is easy to see how water availability made population explode in an area such as Southern California, where savvy marketing and great politics made it happen. Particularly, for Los Angeles and for the purposes of public narrative, Marc Reisner’s Cadillac Desert does a great job at understanding and identifying the politics and key figures in getting water to Los Angeles. Great hydrologic structures were created using both manpower and water politics. It is important to state that there are connections between water, politics, environment, and geography when analyzing what the biggest problems involving water structures and infrastructures (Reisner.) We must think of water as both a socio-political issue and a natural resource, whose fate is molded by the understanding of its connectivity to itself, man-made structures, geography, environment, and society. The classes taken in this program have taught us ideals that in order to become a great water resource manager, one must master the political and scientific knowledge to make decisions that are prosperous for society and the environment. Furthermore, one must know the United States’ hydrological history in order to gain manipulation upon the system that makes it both thrive and deteriorate.
The Middle Pecos Groundwater Conservation District will set a hearing for the company seeking a new water supply for Odessa as soon as this month, while a public battle over the proposal continues.
In my opinion I believe that the government should regulate groundwater, because some ranchers don’t think so? It is becoming an issue because farmers want to be digging holes in the ground to get water that doesn't belong to them. I think we should supervise water because who wants to take a bath in the river.
When the competition for a vital resource is between residents and crops, human health and wellbeing takes precedence as a matter of policy. When this competition is between one group of residents and another group of residents, the only solution is to spread the resource even thinner often leading to inequities among citizens of differing financial or political influence. Decision-makers should have a zero tolerance agenda concerning any threat to our groundwater resources. This paper proposes that future growth needs to take into account our dependence on surface and subsurface water resources when planning developments and incorporating water resource studies into legislation meant to guide further development in New Jersey. The impact on citizens affected by new construction may not be felt until a crisis occurs and then it will be too late. With the remaining southwestern agricultural counties ripe for development it's never too late to change our vision of the landscape and refuse to gamble with the future needs of our citizens.
Governor Brown’s “Water Action Plan” is very clear and concise plan for the local governments to follow when managing the groundwater. The plan has a clear definition of the challenges that are present for the use water. There is a brief overview of the challenges and how the plan will address the issues. The first proposed a plan is for the administration to increase the funding and expand the California Statewide Groundwater Elevation Monitoring Program, “which provides essential data to characterize the state 's groundwater basins, including identifying basins in decline” (cite). This will open lines of communication between counties, and share valuable information for development the pumping plans. Next, there is the plan for Brown’s administration to work closely together with Legislation to fund the
Though all resource conflicts are unique in their perspective outcomes, actors, histories, and cultures, the Klamath Basin has been titled the ‘poster child of western water conflict because the struggles of its communities are indicative of those experienced by many west of the Rocky Mountains. The media attention and emblematic character of the Klamath “Water Wars” and the subsequent collaborative stakeholder processes make it an attractive topic of academic study. Recently published work by Berry, Horagic, and Wall(2016) investigate what factors determined stakeholder participation in collaborative management in the Klamath River Basin(KRB). Their findings suggest a range of variables play a central role in determining participation,
Economic relations and resource management, 2. Ideology and culture including the way people think about the environment and water rights, 3.political agents like the state, transnational actors and organizations involved in water disputes and trade 4.the transnational social movements which endorse and resist water privatization, and 5.the power relations which engender unequal access to safe water (Bywater, 2008).
Brusch C. & Nakayama M. (2005). Public Participation in the Governance of International Freshwater Resources. New York: United Nations University Press.
One of the most important yet under-appreciated conflicts in the Middle East is over water resources along the Jordan River. As population and demand for water in the riparian states of Israel, Jordan, Palestine, and Syria have sky-rocketed, water scarcity in the desert region has reached crisis proportions. In response, leaders on all sides have entered into a dialogue, known as "hydro-politics," that has been characterized by an unyielding attitude of political conservatism set against an understanding that regional cooperation is the riparians' surest salvation. The answer lies in a combination of hydro-diplomacy and technology. With the aid of countries and NGOs outside of the regions,