Health Promotion And Disease Prevention

996 WordsDec 28, 20154 Pages
Health promotion and disease prevention encompass many similar contributing factors. Disease prevention is often defined as a medical based model targeting a person’s biology not the person as a whole and focuses on maintaining one’s health (Tengland, 2010). Where health promotion involves activities of wellbeing and the goal is to improve the bodies state of health (Tengland, 2010). Although these two concepts may be approached and implemented differently behavioral risk factors play major roles in defining and managing both professional activities. Today chronic illness not infectious disease, is the largest cause of death in the United States (U.S.) (Knickman & Kover, 2015, p. 120). The leading preventable diseases in the U.S. are cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus type 2, cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (Hancock & Cooper, 2011). Lifestyle changes can have a profound effect on preventable chronic illnesses by understanding the behavioral risk factors. The World Health Organization (WHO) list four behavioral risk factors; tobacco use, alcohol misuse or risky drinking, physical activity, and diet and obesity for the population goals to reduce preventable disease (Knickman & Kover, 2015, p. 122). This essay will focus on physical activity effecting the state of Georgia using the population based intervention model, by looking into upstream, midstream, and downstream interventions. To provide a well-structured intervention model for the
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