preview

History Of Abortion Essay

Good Essays
The History of Abortion


Abortion is the ending of a pregnancy before birth. An abortion results in the death of the embryo or fetus and may be either spontaneous or induced. For years, abortion has been an extremely controversial subject. The history of abortion reaches back not just decades, but centuries, and even milleniums. Today, policies regarding legal abortion in the U.S. is being debated everywhere. Many myths and misconceptions confuse this issue. A better understanding of the history of abortion in America can help provide a context for an improved policy in the future.
Abortion has been widely known, practiced, and debated since ancient times. The ancient Hebrews
…show more content…
These illegal abortions were unsafe, and could be fatal to most women, and put their lives at risk. Jane Roe was a twenty-one year old woman that was pregnant, who represented all of the women who wanted abortions but could not get one. Henry Wade was a Texas attorney General who had defended the state’s law. The Supreme Court ruled for Roe and stated that America’s right to privacy included: the right for a woman to choose whether or not to have her child; and the right for a woman and her doctor to make this decision without state involvement within the first trimester of the pregnancy. It made it possible for woman to get safe, legal abortions from well-trained medical practitioners. Consequently, there was a dramatic decrease in pregnancy related deaths.
Anti-abortion politicians in 1981 unsuccessfully attempted to introduce a “Human Life Amendment that prohibited abortions under all conditions. President Reagan and George Bush also wanted to overturn the Supreme Court’s ruling of the Roe v. Wade case. The Department of Health and Human Services in 1988, introduced federal “gag” rules. These rules did not allow federally funded family planning clinics to discuss and inform their patients about abortion. In 1939, the “abortion pill” RU 486 was banned by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration). After, many anti-abortion bills were introduced in state legislatures. Bills supporting abortion rights were
Get Access