Amanda Dai Mr. Howden Apush, Period 3 15 August 2015 Short Answers 2. (a). Tobacco, as it relates to the early colonial period, was a fundamental cash crop for the southern colonies. It was first discovered by Europeans after Columbus’s first return from the West Indies, and by the early 17th century, tobacco from the Spanish colonies was widely used throughout Europe. John Rolfe, a Jamestown planter, experimented and produced high quality tobacco which quickly spread throughout the Chesapeake Bay. As there was great demand for tobacco in Europe, planters grew tremendously wealthy and occasionally made the surrounding region prosperous. However, the farmers often produced more than the demand which caused the price of …show more content…
The economy of the southern colonies, particularly in the Chesapeake region, reflected the rise and fall of the demand for tobacco. (c). Even though tobacco was a crop, it helped shape the social structure of the southern colonies in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The wealthy planters, who wanted to expand their plantations required new cheap laborers. At first they used indentured servants, but after they realized that the indentured servants were creating a large source of potential social unrest, they moved towards using slaves. After the 1700s most tobacco plantations employed several dozen or more slaves. The slave work force had not only an economic effect but also a social effect. They formed a new social class, which made up the bottom of the social ladder, below the landless, unemployed white men who were previously the lowest class. The slave society also formed their own culture with their own language and kinship. The demand for tobacco, led to the demand of labor, which shaped the social structure of the southern colonies. 3. (a). In 1676, Nathaniel Bacon led a group on an unauthorized attack on the natives which became a military defiance of the colonial government. Pre-rebellion there was a lot of political turmoil and unrest in the backcountry, which was in part because the new western landowners, including Bacon, strongly disagreed with the eastern tidewater leaders over many policies; mainly on
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To cultivate these tobacco crops the Chesapeake Bay colonist utilized slave labor, and the use of indentured servants. The use of indentured servants soon died out when Virginia, forbid the whipping of white servants. In the Chesapeake colonies, religion was not as strict as in New England. In these colonies there were a number of small optional religions, this was very different than the ways of the New England colonies.
Now for the economic reasons. The Chesapeake region developed a tobacco economy, everything they did was to grow or sell tobacco. Document H states that the poor were unhappy. In a society the poor are sometimes unhappy, but in this case the rich did nothing to make the poor feel any better. In New England the economy was not extremely important, but the average person here was wealthier than the average person in England.
This (the rebellion of the indentured servants) among the fact that more labor was needed than in the New England colonies added to the African Slave population.
Because the low-grade tobacco was being overproduced unceasingly, prices dropped over the years. Tobacco had been the colony’s sole way of income for many years. Berkeley attempted to improve conditions by introducing other industries and building new towns in several places. Unfortunately, the towns could not be maintained and other attempts only resulted in dissatisfaction and increased taxes. Taxes were also increased due to a need for defense against the Dutch and the Indians. The rising price of English manufactured goods and the increasingly limited English market created more problems for the Virginians.
Slavery was the main resource used in the Chesapeake tobacco plantations. The conditions in the Chesapeake region were difficult, which lead to malnutrition, disease, and even death. Slaves were a cheap and an abundant resource, which could be easily replaced at any time. The Chesapeake region’s tobacco industries grew and flourished on the intolerable acts of slavery.
Throughout the time of the Roanoke catastrophe and the hardships of Jamestown, tobacco made its grand introduction as America’s newest cash commodity that would allow success to flourish in Virginia, with a permanent English presence. Tobacco was formally popularized by a man named John Rolfe in the year 1610 and became the top resource that helped the future of this colony thrive. Tobacco did all of this by turning an
With the economic system, the south had a very hard time producing their main source “cotton and tobacco”. “Cotton became commercially significant in the 1790’s after the invention of a new cotton gin by Eli Whitney. (PG 314)” Let
Many colonies would not have survived if it wasn’t for the discovery and growing of tobacco, as this plant enabled the colonies to thrive, and even have a surplus of profit, therefore they could afford more servants, thus, creating a continuous travel of immigrants into the colony, overall creating stable colonies.
The three main factors, ranked by most important to least important are the cultivation of tobacco in Virginia, the introduction of slavery to America, and the enclosure of croplands in England. The factor with the most important consequences is the cultivation of tobacco. There are three reasons that prove that tobacco cultivation had the most important consequences. The first reason is that cultivation of tobacco created a large profitable
He states that tobacco started in Europe due to Portuguese sailors, and from there it spread and soon became was in high demand. Chinese people thought that tobacco had medicinal purposes, while Native Americans thought that tobacco connected you to a supernatural world.
The discovery of cigarettes date back to the times of Columbus when they were identified as 'certain dried leaves' that were presented as gifts but later on thrown away and this was in the 1490s as noted by Cigarettes Below Cost (2010). By 1560s tobacco had been introduced to England and even the queen was persuaded to try it.