Essay about History and Significance of the Glasgow School of Art

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The Glasgow School of Art was built by Charles Rennie Mackintosh from 1897 - 1909 in Glasgow, Scotland.  In 1897, Mackintosh won a competition for the design of the Glasgow Building.  However, it was a difficult piece of land to build on because of the very steep slope.  The front end is located on Renfrew Street while the backside stretched down the steep hill.  The Glasgow School of Art is constructed primarily out of wood, iron, and glass.  Inside, their are studios, a lecture theater, a library, and a director's office.  Also, the building itself shows nothing which could be considered eclectic.  In fact, the Glasgow Building is considered very progressive.<p>
Stylistically, it is a very important
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 This feeling is given by the claustrophobic quality of the geometric parts used on the outside of the building.  Clearly, it is not the same "cave-like" feeling which is felt in the Tassel House, but the continued use of large blocks makes the building look very solid.  On the inside, however, their is vast space.  In fact, it would not be fair to call the structure "cave-like" at all.  The space is open, free, and organized.  To an extent, this hints at the dilemma of the Glasgow Building.  It is neither one style or another.  <p>
Interestingly, many of the features make the building much more progressive than Art Nouveau.  The most obvious feature of the building is the large void over solid ratio.  The windows on the front of the building allow in enormous amounts of light.  Even at the base of the structure, sky lights are built in, allowing light into the floors below the ground level.  The result of this type of void over solid ratio is a large play on light that happens within the building depending on the time of day.<p>
The second feature which makes the Glasgow Building more progressive is also on the exterior of the building.  The exterior of the building gives an indication as to what is happening

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