History of Cosmetology Essay

763 Words Nov 10th, 2011 4 Pages
History of Cosmetology & Nail Care
Cosmetology is the study and application of beauty treatment. Branches of specialty including hairstyling, skin care, cosmetics, manicures/pedicures, and electrology.
Nail Technology is the art and science of beautifying and improving the nails and skin of the hands and feet.
The history of nail care reveals some intriguing facts. It was a part of aristocracy and a symbol of status in ancient times. It was in the nineteenth century that nail care started to become a part of fashion and glamour. Today nail salons all over the world offer various nail care services and plenty of nail care products are available for use in home but it still in some way reflects that symbolism of aristocracy and
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History of Nail Care in the Nineteenth Century
With the social and technological developments, new tools for nail care began to emerge in Europe. In 1830 a foot doctor named Sitts invented a wooden manicure tool. Before that metal rod, acid, scissors etc. were used for manicure. Almond shaped nails or slightly pointed nail styles were popular at that time.
In 1890’s these trends reached United States. Soon many salons started to offer nail care services to women. But mostly nail care was a personal thing; women usually took care of their nails by themselves.
History of nail Care in the Twentieth Century
In the beginning of Twentieth century nail care and nail polish become hugely popular by courtesy of glamorous Hollywood film stars. New companies were coming in the market with new nail care tools and techniques. New nail paints and shades arrived together with polish removers, nail protectors and other tools that made it possible to choose any style at any time and complement the overall dress up with a matching nail color. At that time manicure was done in barber shops not in beauty salons.
1970’s was the era of artificial nails. These nails looked real, were usually long and worn by the rich. Soon nail drills were introduced to use on acrylic nails. Nail charms, gold nails as well as nail art were getting popular. Then French manicure arrived in the market and it was ruled the…