History of Newspapers

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The History of Newspapers
Today, people can use newspapers to find out many things. One can use
the newspaper to check sports scores, get the day's news, read "feel good"
stories, or even find out their horoscope. It was not always that way. From
the "Acta Diurna," reported in the ancient Roman empire, to the New York
Times, newspapers have come a long way. In this report, the distance that
newspapers have traveled since their inception is going to be outlined.
Before literacy was commonplace in societies, town criers would announce
the news of the land to the land's people. These criers used oratory skills
to spread the news on crossroads and the marketplace. Messengers would be
commissioned to report to the town after battles to
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Perhaps that is where our dateline
comes from. Early in the 17th century, regularly printed newspapers became
more of the rule as opposed to the exception.
Weekly newspapers began circulation in Frankfort and Vienna (1615),
Hamburg (1616), Berlin (1617), and Amsterdam (1618). England was not far
behind as corantos were being printed. Corantos were single sheet tracts
dealing with current foreign affairs. In 1655, the "Gazette" was printed
in Oxford England. The "Gazette" was the first regularly released English
newspaper. It was released weekly. As newspapers were making great strides
in England, big steps were also being taken by them in the way of colonizing.
When the English colonies develop, so did newspapers.

In the year 1690, Benjamin Harris tried to print the first newspaper in
colonial America. Authorities banned his newspaper ("Publick Occurences Both
Forreign and Domestick") saying that he was printing without a license to
print and he was printing "reflections of a very high nature." The next
attempts by others would be successful.
In 1704, John Campbell started the "Boston Newsletter." This became
America's first regularly printed newspaper. This paper paved the way for
newspapers to develop all throughout the colonies. As the colonies attempted
to steer away from England, newspapers became an outlet for anti-England
propaganda. Along with these papers came articles that was critical of the
government and subsequently cases of…