How Do Angkor/Khmer Temples Reveal About The Religion And Civilization At The Time?

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This report analyses the Angkor Wat and the Banteay Srei temples in order to determine what civilisation and religion were like during the Angkor Khmer Empire. These temples are located in Angkor, in modern day Cambodia, and were built from 802 CE to 1431 CE empire.
What do Angkor/Khmer Temples reveal about the religion and civilization at the time?
The Angkor/Khmer Temples can teach us a lot about what civilization and religion was like at the time, through temple carvings and the architectural structure. From the design of the temples, and the resources they used archaeologists can tell what knowledge and skills they had then. The fact that many of the ancient temples had the Hindu gods depicted or were dedicated to Hindu gods …show more content…

It was constructed as a Hindu temple for the Khmer empire, though, it later transformed into a Buddhist temple near the end of the 12th century. The Angkor Wat was built by Khmer king Suryavarman II in the early 12th century in Yaśodharapura, which was the capital of the Khmer empire, however it was completed by Jayavarman VII. It was floating on a mound of pure soil as it was meant to be sacred. The Angkor wat was different to the temples that kings before Suryavarman II had built, as this one was dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu,THE GOD OF rather than Shiva.THE GOD …show more content…

It is surrounded by a 200m moat and would have been used to keep the foundation of the temple stable, keeping groundwater from coming too high or going too low. The main entrance of the Angkor Wat was to the west, and it was very grand, made of stone with “guardian” lions marking the way (because the west was associated with the Hindu god Vishnu). At the east was a second entrance that was more modest and was believed to be done with a wooden bridge across the moat (though there is no bridge at the east entrance anymore). In the middle of the temple there was a central tower that was surrounded by a steep staircase with a statue of the god Vishnu at the top. This particular tower used to be the center of the Khmer empire where the king ruled from.
Inside this central tower, hidden paintings have been discovered that depict things from Khmer musical ensembles to scenes of people riding horses from temple to temple. There have been about 200 paintings discovered that are extremely helpful in describing how the temple was built.
The exact purpose of the Angkor wat is unknown. The fact that the Angkor wat was placed along the axis of the earth at 13.41 degrees north in latitude makes historians believe that the Khmer knew the earth was round. Because the movements of the moon were recorded against two galleries of the temple the Khmer were believed to have a vast amount of scientific

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