How ‘Bout Them Apples? Apples are one of the most popular and important fruits throughout the world. The topic of apples is extremely vast; there are thousands of varieties, colors, and flavors- all of which make them a unique crop. During the spring, apple trees are fertilized by pollinators, such as bees, and begin to grow throughout the year until fall, which is when they are harvested. The apple is in the rose family, Rosaceae, and the species Malus domestica. This fruit is grown in orchards and is one of the most commonly grown tree fruit. Over 7,000 varieties of apples are grown around the world, with 2,500 of them grown in the United States alone. The colors range from red, yellow, green, to even orange. Some apples are great for…show more content… Then, the growth is solely due to cell expansion, causing the apple to grow in size and in weight.
Although this developmental growth pattern of the apple is genetically determined, it can be affected by lack of nutrients. This is where the farmer steps in and makes sure that the apple has the nutrients it needs to develop to its fullest potential. Apples mainly need an adequate supply of water and carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are needed in order for the bud of the flower to develop early in the season, then from there the reserves decrease and the tree relies either more or completely on photosynthesis to make its food. However, the farmer cannot provide the tree with carbohydrates, but the farmer can ensure that the plant has a continuous supply of water, which is necessary for any kind of growth to occur, as it is an essential element for photosynthesis and transpiration. Without water, the apple tree would not be able to make carbohydrates, a byproduct of photosynthesis, or undergo transpiration, which is the natural evaporation of water (Lakso, Goffinet 11-14). Apples originated millions of years ago from the Tien Shan Mountains of Kazakhstan (Synan, Mariel) around the time that humans were first evolving (“Apples”). However, the apples that grew before present day had a multitude of tastes; they could have been sour, bitter, sweet, etc., thus, leading to different usages of apples to be developed over time (Stradley, Linda). For example, the