Human Development : An Essential Aspect Of Early Childhood Education Essay

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Human Development Essay Human development is an essential aspect in early childhood education. This essay is going to discuss about three human development theorists, Urie Bronfenbrenner, John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth’s theories. Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems theory, Bowlby’s Attachment theory, Stages of attachment and the study Harlow’s Monkeys and Ainsworth’s “Strange Situation” research and three types of attachments that are Secure Attachment, Insecure Ambivalent/Resistant and Insecure Avoidant, which are all concerned with socio-cultural theory, will be analysed. Bronfenbrenner (Sigelman & Rider, 2014) created an ecological system model which illustrates both direct and indirect influences (these influences are bi-directional) in an individual’s growing environment. This ecological system consists of five systems which are all having an individual as their same centre and gradually extend from this individual to the last and biggest system, including minute but immediate impacts like a bee in the garden that stung this individual and macroscopical but subtle impacts like the global warming. Meanwhile, they are inclusive, as Te Whariki, the New Zealand Early Childhood Curriculum, describes it as “a set of nested Russian dolls” (The Ministry of Education, 1996, page.19), which means these systems are one contains another. According to Bronfenbrenner (Sigelman & Rider, 2014), these five systems, from the most immediately influential to the least, are

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