Industrialization Of The Industrial Revolution

859 Words4 Pages
For thousands of years, people lived and worked in farms. In the mid 1700’s events changed the way of life. These events are called the Industrial Revolution. It was a long, uneven process that affected peoples’ lives. Simple tools where changed to complex machines; from human and animal power to electricity. Rural societies became urban.
Industrialization brought a variety of goods and an improved way of living to many. Agricultural Revolution is when people learn to farm and domesticate animals. It contributed to a rapid population growth and reduced the risk of famine. In the late 1800’s better hygiene, sanitation, and medical care slowed disease. Fertilizers, minerals and soil continents where factors taken into account. Plows, rakes,
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Roads where very difficult to navigate since there was no signs. With the turnpike trust, group of people that maintain the roads full time, the roads where straightened and bridges where built. Cheaper railways became more popular. Britain had plenty rivers and waterways. Canals became popular after the construction of the Bridgewater Canal. Once James Watt’s steam engine tech was applied, the railway industry developed rapidly.
The industrial revolution gradually spread around the world in the next decades. Britain became the first industrialized country in the world. In controlled 90% of Europe’s steam shipping. The competition of cheap British goods drained the capital need for investment in other countries. British worked to keep its technical knowledge from spreading. There was widespread resistance in other countries due to the pollution of Britain’s cities. Britain decided to hold, The Great Exhibition, to show off its technology achievements. British competition forced west Europe and the United States to industrialize in order to survive. Constant contact with Britain meant its knowledge would not be kept a secret. Europe industrialized. The first step was to build railroads to link coal to iron deposits and factories to markets. Belgium industrialized after Britain, because being small and compact, its coal deposits were near each other. The government established a railroad to tie the nation’s closer, railroad
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