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Indwelling Urinary Catheter

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As reported by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention( CDC) indwelling urinary catheter is a catheter inserted into the bladder and remain in the bladder for the purpose to drain urine after a surgical procedure, urinary retention or incontinence. Globe, et, al. (1989) stated that urinary bladder catheterisation could produce macroscopic and microscopic histological changes in the bladder tissues due to the eosinophilic inflammatory response. The severity of that inflammation is according to the duration of the indwelling catheter in the bladder; therefore, it is important to follow the appropriate guidelines that would decrease Catheter-Associated Urinary tract infection (CAUTI). Guidelines established by CDC minimize the duration
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