Interpersonal Attraction

1208 WordsApr 29, 20145 Pages
Interpersonal Attraction Factors affecting attraction 1. Need for Affiliation 1. Evolution 1. Proximity 1. Emotion 1. Attractiveness 1. Similarity 1. Theories of Attraction Evolution 1. It is adaptive – perpetuation of species 1. E.g. Men attractive due to wealth, power, social status – providers 1. Women attractive due to looks - fertility Need for Affiliation What is? • The motive to seek and maintain social relationships • Neurobiology Rowe (1996) – We’re born with it Personality affects the need • Schizoid persons • Dismissive avoidant styles • Dependent persons Situational Factors • Crisis situations increase the need for affiliation…show more content…
• Interpersonal style o Dissimilar communication styles are frustrating o Dissimilar styles predictive of break-ups and divorce • Demographics o Social and cultural background o Similar economic backgrounds • Theodore Newcomb (1961) – college roommates with shared background, majors, attitudes, values, and political views became friends • Interests/Activities and Experiences o Situations that you choose to be in also frequented by like minded people o It difficult to maintain relationships with dissimilar persons • Social skills Committed Relationships • In committed relationships we choose a similar partner o Marriage o Business Reciprocity and Attraction How it Works • We like people who like us • But when an initial dislike in the liker changes to liking this is more valued than a uniformly positive attitude Reciprocity and Negative Self Esteem • People with low self esteem prefer to meet people who earlier criticized them rather than person who
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