Irony And Irony In Literature

976 Words4 Pages
Irony and satire are probably most usually met means of expressing humour in literary works. Both of these means can be similar and very different at the same time. In some cases irony and satire can be used as synonyms. Both satire and irony can be found in literature, television, movies, theatre and even in artwork. Satire, however, is a genre, whereas irony is a technique.
Irony
Irony and humour are closely related. This relation can be seen with dictionary definition. Oxford English dictionary defines irony as “1. the expression of one’s meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect: ‘Don’t go overboard with the gratitude,’ he re-joined with heavy irony; 1.1 a state of affairs or an event that seems deliberately contrary to what one expects and is often wryly amusing as a result: the irony is that I
…show more content…
It can be used intentionally or can happen unintentionally. Irony is widely used in general literature and in psychological literary works as well. Authors can use irony to make their audience stop and think about what has just been said, or to emphasize a central idea. Verbal, dramatic, and situational irony are often used for emphasis in the assertion of a truth.
There are several types of irony in literature. Three main types are verbal irony, dramatic irony, and situational irony.
Verbal irony – the contrast between what is being said and what is meant. E.g. soft like a brick; clean like dirt.
Dramatic irony – the contrast between what the character thinks to be true and what the reader knows to be true. In some literary fiction the reader is revealed more information than the character. In that case reader gets to see the character’s reaction when they discover the truth. For example, in Hamlet, we are aware that Hamlet knows the truth about his father’s murder and that Hamlet is not
Open Document