Joyce Carol Oates' Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?

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Joyce Carol Oates' Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?

Joyce Carol Oates was born in 1938 in Lockport, New York. She started writing very young and that the age of fifteen she submitted her first novel, but it was rejected for being 'too dark';. This style of writing is common on many of her works including 'Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?'; Oates graduated from Syracuse University and then went on to get her master's degree from the University of Wisconsin. Oates 'turned much often in her writing to everyday characters, which she often placed in situations that were both psychologically and socially terrifying.'; (Short Stories For Students 258) Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been? is based on a killer in
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Friend has 'shaggy black hair that looked crazy as a wig. His nose was long and hawk like and his most devilish of features was his eyes, which looked like chips of broken glass that caught the light'; (Devilish Qualities of Friend, Collins)
Friend seemed to know everything about Connie. He knew where her family was, what they were doing, and even small details like what her sister was wearing. That gives the reader an eerie feeling, almost a foreshadowing of how much power Friend has over Connie.
The name Arnold Friend brings up a lot of speculation. Of course the last name 'Friend'; is highly ironic because that is the last thing Arnold wants, to be her friend. Linda F. Raines, the author of Joyce Carol Oates writes an 'interesting interpretation of Arnold Friend's name involves removing some of the letters in order to see the 'secret meaning'; behind the name:
ARNOLD FRIEND
Now, minus the 'R'; in Arnold and the 'R'; in Friend he takes on a new, possibly truer identity:
AN OLD FIEND.'; Arnold Friend interpretation of the Devil or evil is quite vast. So much has been written on even the slightest of similarities its impossible to find every meaning behind him and his actions. 'In the parking lot Friend signs Connie with an 'X';. Friend always had a habit of wagging his